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CRIMES ACT 1914 - SECT 15HK

Unauthorised disclosure of information

Disclosures by entrusted persons

             (1)  A person commits an offence if:

                     (a)  the person is, or has been, an entrusted person; and

                     (b)  information came to the knowledge or into the possession of the person in the person's capacity as an entrusted person; and

                     (c)  the person discloses the information; and

                     (d)  the information relates to a controlled operation.

Note:          Recklessness is the fault element for paragraphs (1)(b) and (d)--see section 5.6 of the Criminal Code .

Penalty:  Imprisonment for 2 years.

          (1A)  Strict liability applies to paragraph (1)(a).

Note:          For strict liability, see section 6.1 of the Criminal Code .

          (1B)  A person commits an offence if:

                     (a)  the person is, or has been, an entrusted person; and

                     (b)  information came to the knowledge or into the possession of the person in the person's capacity as an entrusted person; and

                     (c)  the person discloses the information; and

                     (d)  the information relates to a controlled operation; and

                     (e)  either or both of the following subparagraphs apply:

                              (i)  the person intends to endanger the health or safety of any person or prejudice the effective conduct of a controlled operation;

                             (ii)  the disclosure will endanger the health or safety of any person or prejudice the effective conduct of a controlled operation.

Note:          Recklessness i s the fault element for paragraphs (1B)(b) and (d) and subparagraph (1B)(e)(ii)--see section 5.6 of the Criminal Code .

Penalty:  Imprisonment for 10 years.

          (1C)  Strict liability applies to paragraph (1B)(a).

Note:          For strict liability, see section 6.1 of the Criminal Code .

Other disclosures

          (1D)  A person commits an offence if:

                     (a)  the person discloses information; and

                     (b)  the information relates to a controlled operation; and

                     (c)  the disclosure will endanger the health or safety of any person or prejudice the effective conduct of a controlled operation.

Note:          Recklessness is the fault element for paragraphs (1D)(b) and (c)--see section 5.6 of the Criminal Code .

Penalty:  Imprisonment for 2 years.

          (1E)  A person commits an offence if:

                     (a)  the person discloses information; and

                     (b)  the information relates to a controlled operation; and

                     (c)  either or both of the following subparagraphs apply:

                              (i)  the person intends to endanger the health or safety of any person or prejudice the effective conduct of a controlled operation;

                             (ii)  the person knows that the disclosure will endanger the health or safety of any person or prejudice the effective conduct of a controlled operation.

Note:          Recklessness is the fault element for paragraph (1E)(b)--see section 5.6 of the Criminal Code .

Penalty:  Imprisonment for 10 years.

Exceptions--general

             (2)  Subsections (1) to (1E) do not apply if the disclosure was:

                     (a)  in connection with the administration or execution of this Part; or

                     (b)  for the purposes of any legal proceedings arising out of or otherwise related to this Part or of any report of any such proceedings; or

                     (c)  for the purposes of obtaining legal advice in relation to the controlled operation; or

                     (d)  in accordance with any requirement imposed by law; or

                     (e)  in connection with the performance of functions or duties, or the exercise of powers, of a law enforcement agency.

Note:          A defendant bears an evidential burden in relation to the matters in this subsection--see subsection 13.3(3) of the Criminal Code .

Exceptions--integrity testing controlled operation authority

          (2A)  Subsections (1) to (1E) do not apply, in the case of a controlled operation authorised by an integrity testing controlled operation authority (granted on the basis that an integrity testing authority is in effect), if the disclosure was:

                     (a)  in any of the circumstances mentioned in paragraphs (2)(a) to (e); or

                     (b)  in connection with the administration or execution of Part IABA, or the Law Enforcement Integrity Commissioner Act 2006 , in relation to the integrity testing authority; or

                     (c)  for the purposes of any disciplinary or legal action in relation to a staff member of a target agency, if arising out of, or otherwise related to, the controlled operation; or

                     (d)  in relation to the integrity testing authority:

                              (i)  for the purposes of any disciplinary or legal action in relation to a staff member of a target agency, if arising out of, or otherwise related to, an integrity testing operation authorised by the authority; or

                             (ii)  to an authority of the Commonwealth, a State or a Territory, if the disclosure relates to the misconduct of an employee or officer of the authority.

Note:          A defendant bears an evidential burden in relation to the matters in this subsection--see subsection 13.3(3) of the Criminal Code .

Exception--misconduct

             (3)  Subsections (1) to (1E) do not apply if:

                     (a)  the person (the discloser ) discloses the information to the Ombudsman or the Integrity Commissioner; and

                     (b)  the discloser informs the person to whom the disclosure is made of the discloser's identity before making the disclosure; and

                     (c)  the information concerns:

                              (i)  a corruption issue within the meaning of the Law Enforcement Integrity Commissioner Act 2006 (see section 7 of that Act) in relation to a controlled operation; or

                             (ii)  misconduct in relation to a controlled operation; and

                     (d)  the discloser considers that the information may assist a person referred to in paragraph (a) to perform the person's functions or duties; and

                     (e)  the discloser makes the disclosure in good faith.

Note:          A defendant bears an evidential burden in relation to the matters in this subsection--see subsection 13.3(3) of the Criminal Code.

Exception--previously published information

             (4)  Subsections (1D) and (1E) do not apply to a person disclosing information if:

                     (a)  the information has already been communicated, or made available, to the public (the prior publication); and

                     (b)  the person was not involved in the prior publication (whether directly or indirectly); and

                     (c)  at the time of the disclosure, the person believes that the disclosure:

                              (i)  will not endanger the health or safety of any person; and

                             (ii)  will not prejudice the effective conduct of a controlled operation; and

                     (d)  having regard to the nature, extent and place of the prior publication, the person has reasonable grounds for that belief.

Note:          A defendant bears an evidential burden in relation to the matters in subsection (4)--see subsection 13.3(3) of the Criminal Code .



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