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TORRES STRAIT FISHERIES ACT 1984 - SCHEDULE 2

Provisions relating to detention of suspected illegal foreign fishers

Note:   See section   54A.

Part   1 -- Preliminary

Division   1 -- Objects of this Schedule

1   Main objects of this Schedule

  (1)   This Schedule has 3 main objects.

  (2)   The first main object is to provide for the detention ( fisheries detention ) in Australia or a Territory of persons who:

  (a)   are reasonably suspected by an officer of having committed an offence involving the use of a foreign boat or a Papua New Guinea boat; and

  (b)   are not Australian citizens or Australian residents;

for a limited period for the purposes of determining whether to charge them with the offence.

  (3)   The second main object is to provide for persons in fisheries detention to be searched, screened, given access to facilities for obtaining legal advice, and identified.

  (4)   The third main object is to facilitate the transition of persons from fisheries detention to immigration detention under the Migration Act 1958 :

  (a)   by providing for the things mentioned in subclause   ( 3) to be done in a way corresponding to the way that Act provides for those things to be done to persons in immigration detention; and

  (b)   by authorising the disclosure of personal information about individuals who are or have been in fisheries detention to persons, agencies and organisations responsible for holding the individuals in immigration detention, for the purpose of the immigration detention and welfare of the individuals.

Note:   The enforcement visa of a person who is neither an Australian citizen nor an Australian resident ceases to have effect under the Migration Act 1958 when the person ceases to be in fisheries detention, so that Act requires the person to be taken into immigration detention.

Division   2 -- Definitions

2   Definitions

    In this Schedule, unless the contrary intention appears:

"authorised officer" means an officer, or detention officer, who is authorised under Division   4 for the purposes of the provision in which the expression occurs.

"detainee" means a person detained under Part   2.

"detention" means detention under Part   2.

"detention officer" means a person appointed under clause   3 to be a detention officer.

Division   3 -- Appointment etc. of detention officers

3   Minister may appoint persons to be detention officers

  (1)   The Minister may, by instrument, appoint one or more persons (except persons who are officers) to be detention officers.

Note:   Officers have the same powers as detention officers, as well as other powers, so there is no reason for officers to be appointed as detention officers.

  (2)   An instrument appointing persons to be detention officers:

  (a)   may identify the persons by reference to a class; and

  (b)   may provide for persons to be appointed when they become members of the class at or after a time specified in the instrument.

4   Detention officers subject to directions

    A detention officer is, in the exercise of his or her powers, and the performance of his or her duties, under this Schedule, subject to the directions given by the Minister or AFMA.

5   Detention officer etc. not liable to certain actions

  (1)   A detention officer, or a person assisting a detention officer in the exercise of powers under this Act or the regulations, is not liable to an action, suit or proceeding for or in respect of anything done in good faith or omitted to be done in good faith in the exercise or purported exercise of any power conferred by this Act or the regulations.

Note:   Subsection   42(6AA) makes similar provision for officers and their assistants.

  (2)   However, subsection   ( 1) does not affect a contractual liability of a detention officer or person assisting a detention officer.

Division   4 -- Authorisation of officers and detention officers

6   AFMA may authorise officers and detention officers

  (1)   AFMA may, by instrument, authorise one or more officers and/or detention officers for the purposes of a specified provision of this Schedule, from among officers and/or detention officers who have successfully completed minimum training prescribed by a legislative instrument.

  (2)   An instrument authorising officers and/or detention officers:

  (a)   may identify them by reference to a class; and

  (b)   may provide for them to be authorised when they become members of the class at or after a time specified in the instrument.

7   Persons who are authorised officers for purposes of Migration Act 1958 are taken to be authorised for this Schedule

  (1)   A person who:

  (a)   is an officer or detention officer; and

  (b)   is an authorised officer (as defined in the Migration Act 1958 ) for a provision of that Act listed in column 2 of an item of the table;

is, while he or she meets the conditions in paragraphs   ( a) and (b), taken to be authorised under clause   6 for the purposes of the provision of this Schedule listed in column 3 of the item.

 

Corresponding provisions of the Migration Act 1958 and this Schedule

Column 1
Item

Column 2
Provision of Migration Act 1958

Column 3
Provision of this Schedule

1

Subsection   252(4)

Subclause   15(3)

2

Paragraph 252(6)(a)

Paragraph 15(5)(a)

3

Subparagraph 252(6)(b)(i)

Subparagraph 15(5)(b)(i)

4

Subsection   252AA(1)

Subclause   16(1)

5

Subsection   252A(1)

Subclause   17(1)

6

Subsection   252C(1)

Subclause   19(1)

7

Subsection   252D(2)

Subclause   20(2)

8

Subsection   252G(3)

Subclause   23(3)

9

Section   261AA

Clause   28

10

Subsection   261AE(1)

Subclause   32(1)

11

Subsection   261AE(3)

Subclause   32(3)

12

Section   261AG

Clause   34

13

Section   261AJ

Clause   37

14

Subsection   261AK(1) (except paragraph   ( a))

Subclause   38(1) (except paragraph   ( a))

15

Subsection   261AK(3)

Subclause   38(3)

Limits on authorisation

  (2)   However, the person is not taken to be authorised to carry out an identification test in relation to which section   5D of the Migration Act 1958 provides that the person is not an authorised officer (for the purposes of that Act).

Note:   This is relevant to items   9 to 15 of the table in subclause   ( 1).

Persons specified by AFMA not authorised

  (3)   AFMA may, by instrument, specify that the person is not taken to be authorised:

  (a)   for the purposes of the provision of this Schedule; or

  (b)   for the purposes of carrying out under this Schedule identification tests of a type specified under section   5D of the Migration Act 1958 in relation to the person.

The instrument has effect according to its terms, despite subclause   ( 1).

  (4)   An instrument under subclause   ( 3) may specify one or more persons by reference to their being members of a specified class at or after a time specified in the instrument.

  (5)   An instrument made under subclause   ( 3) is not a legislative instrument.

Part   2 -- Detaining suspected illegal foreign fishers

Division   1 -- Initial detention by an officer

8   Power to detain

  (1)   An officer may detain a person in Australia or a Territory for the purposes of investigating and determining, during the period of detention, whether or not the person committed an offence against section   45, 46A, 46B, 46C, 46D, 48, 49, 49A, 51 or 51A or an offence against section   6 of the Crimes Act 1914 relating to such an offence, if the officer has reasonable grounds to believe that the person:

  (a)   is not an Australian citizen or an Australian resident; and

  (b)   was on a foreign boat, or a Papua New Guinea boat, when it was used in the commission of such an offence.

  (2)   Subclause   ( 1) does not authorise an officer to use more force in detaining a person than is reasonably necessary.

9   Relationship with Part   IC of the Crimes Act 1914

  (1)   Part   IC of the Crimes Act 1914 applies in relation to the detainee while detained under this Part as if:

  (a)   he or she were a protected suspect for a Commonwealth offence for the purposes of that Part; and

  (b)   an officer were an investigating official for the purposes of that Part.

  (2)   Subclause   ( 1) does not affect the operation of Division   2 of Part   IC of the Crimes Act 1914 as it applies of its own force in relation to a person who is lawfully arrested.

Division   2 -- Continued detention by a detention officer

10   Detention officer may detain person already detained by officer

  (1)   For the purposes of facilitating an officer investigating and determining whether or not a person committed an offence against section   45, 46A, 46B, 46C, 46D, 48, 49, 49A, 51 or 51A or an offence against section   6 of the Crimes Act 1914 relating to such an offence, a detention officer may detain the person in Australia or a Territory if the detention officer has reasonable grounds to believe that the person:

  (a)   has been detained by an officer under Division   1; and

  (b)   has been presented, while detained by that officer, to a detention officer for detention by a detention officer.

  (2)   However, the detention officer may not detain the person if the detention officer has reasonable grounds to believe that the person has ceased to be in detention since the last time the person was detained by an officer under Division   1.

Division   3 -- Detention on behalf of an officer or detention officer

11   Detention on behalf of an officer or detention officer

  (1)   A person is taken to be detained by an officer or detention officer under this Part while the person is held, on behalf of the officer or detention officer, in any of the following:

  (a)   a prison or remand centre of the Commonwealth, a State or a Territory;

  (b)   a police station or watch house;

  (c)   a hospital or other place where the person is receiving medical treatment;

  (d)   another place approved by the Minister in writing;

  (e)   a boat.

  (2)   This clause has effect even while the officer or detention officer is not present where the person is held on behalf of the officer or detention officer.

  (3)   An approval of a place by the Minister is not a legislative instrument.

Division   4 -- Moving detainees

12   Power to move detainees

  (1)   An officer or a detention officer may:

  (a)   take a detainee in Australia to another place in Australia or to a place in an external Territory; and

  (b)   take a detainee in an external Territory to another place in the Territory or to a place in Australia or another Territory.

  (2)   Subclause   ( 1) does not authorise an officer or detention officer to use more force than is reasonably necessary to take the detainee to the place.

  (3)   In exercising the power under subclause   ( 1), the officer or detention officer must have regard to all matters that he or she considers relevant, including:

  (a)   the administration of justice; and

  (b)   the welfare of the detainee.

Division   5 -- End of detention

13   End of detention

Detainee who was on a foreign boat

  (1)   A detainee who was detained under subclause   8(1) because the officer mentioned in that subclause had reasonable grounds to believe that the detainee was on a foreign boat must be released from detention:

  (a)   as soon as an officer or detention officer knows or reasonably believes that the detainee is an Australian citizen or an Australian resident; or

  (b)   at the time the detainee is brought before a magistrate following a decision to charge the detainee with an offence referred to in subclause   8(1); or

  (c)   at the time a decision is made not to charge the detainee with an offence referred to in that subclause; or

  (d)   at the end of 168 hours after the detention began;

whichever occurs first.

Detainee who was on a Papua New Guinea boat

  (2)   A detainee who was detained under subclause   8(1) because the officer mentioned in that subclause had reasonable grounds to believe that the detainee was on a Papua New Guinea boat must be released from detention:

  (a)   as soon as an officer or detention officer knows or reasonably believes that the detainee is an Australian citizen or an Australian resident; or

  (b)   as soon as an officer believes that the detainee did not commit an offence described in that subclause; or

  (c)   as soon as an officer finishes investigating whether the detainee committed an offence described in that subclause; or

  (d)   at the end of 72 hours after the detention began;

whichever occurs first.

Papua New Guineans on foreign boats

  (3)   Subclause   ( 1) ceases to apply to a detainee, and subclause   ( 2) applies instead to the detainee (as if the officer mentioned in subclause   8(1) had reasonable grounds to believe that the detainee had been on a Papua New Guinea boat), if an officer or detention officer knows or reasonably believes that the detainee is:

  (a)   a citizen of Papua New Guinea ; or

  (b)   a person who is usually resident in Papua New Guinea and whose continued presence there is not subject to a limitation as to time imposed by law.

Note:   The fact that subclause   ( 2) applies as if the officer mentioned in subclause   8(1) had reasonable grounds to believe that the detainee had been on a Papua New Guinea boat does not affect whether the detainee was using a foreign boat in an offence against section   45 , 46A, 46B, 46C, 46D or 48.

  (4)   To avoid doubt, subclause   ( 3) does not affect the validity of the detention of a detainee before the first time (the recognition time ) an officer or detention officer knew or reasonably believed that the detainee was:

  (a)   a citizen of Papua New Guinea ; or

  (b)   a person who is usually resident in Papua New Guinea and whose continued presence there is not subject to a limitation as to time imposed by law.

This has effect even if the recognition time is more than 72 hours after the detention began.

Note:   If the recognition time was more than 72 hours after the detention began, the effect of subclause   ( 3) applying subclause   ( 2) is to require the release of the detainee at the recognition time. However, subclause   ( 3) does not affect the validity of detention in the period starting 72 hours after the detention began and ending at the recognition time.

Division   6 -- Offence of escaping from detention

14   Escape from detention

  (1)   A person commits an offence if:

  (a)   the person is in detention; and

  (b)   the person escapes from that detention.

  (2)   The offence is punishable on conviction by imprisonment for up to 2 years.

Part   3 -- Searching and screening detainees and screening their visitors

Division   1 -- Searches of detainees

15   Searches of detainees

  (1)   For the purposes set out in subclause   ( 2), a detainee, and the detainee's clothing and any property under the immediate control of the detainee, may, without warrant, be searched.

  (2)   The purposes for which a detainee, and the detainee's clothing and any property under the immediate control of the detainee, may be searched under this clause are as follows:

  (a)   to find out whether there is hidden on the detainee's person, in the clothing or in the property, a weapon or other thing capable of being used to inflict bodily injury or to help the detainee to escape from detention;

  (b)   to find out whether there is hidden on the detainee's person, in the clothing or in the property, a document or other thing that is, or may be, evidence of:

  (i)   an offence against section   45, 46A, 46B, 46C, 46D, 48, 49, 49A, 51 or 51A ; or

  (ii)   an offence against section   6 of the Crimes Act 1914 relating to an offence described in subparagraph   ( i).

  (3)   If, in the course of a search under this clause, a weapon or other thing referred to in paragraph   ( 2)(a), or a document or other thing referred to in paragraph   ( 2)(b), is found, an authorised officer:

  (a)   may take possession of the weapon, document or other thing; and

  (b)   may retain the weapon, document or other thing for such time as he or she thinks necessary for the purposes of this Act or the Migration Act 1958 .

  (4)   This clause does not authorise an authorised officer, or another person conducting a search under subclause   ( 5), to remove any of the detainee's clothing, or to require a detainee to remove any of his or her clothing.

  (5)   A search under this clause of a detainee, and the detainee's clothing, must be conducted by:

  (a)   an authorised officer of the same sex as the detainee; or

  (b)   in a case where an authorised officer of the same sex as the detainee is not available to conduct the search--any other person who is of the same sex and:

  (i)   is requested by an authorised officer; and

  (ii)   agrees;

    to conduct the search.

  (6)   An action or proceeding, whether civil or criminal, does not lie against a person who, at the request of an authorised officer, conducts a search under this clause if the person acts in good faith and does not contravene subclause   ( 7).

  (7)   An authorised officer or other person who conducts a search under this clause must not use more force, or subject a detainee to greater indignity, than is reasonably necessary in order to conduct the search.

  (8)   To avoid doubt, a search of a detainee may be conducted under this clause irrespective of whether a screening procedure is conducted in relation to the detainee under clause   16 or a strip search of the detainee is conducted under clause   17.

Note:   This clause corresponds closely to section   252 of the Migration Act 1958 .

Division   2 -- Screening of detainees

16   Power to conduct a screening procedure

  (1)   A screening procedure in relation to a detainee, other than a detainee to whom clause   22 applies, may be conducted by an authorised officer, without warrant, to find out whether there is hidden on the detainee, in his or her clothing or in a thing in his or her possession, a weapon, or other thing, capable of being used:

  (a)   to inflict bodily injury; or

  (b)   to help the detainee, or any other detainee, to escape from detention.

  (2)   An authorised officer who conducts a screening procedure under this clause must not use greater force, or subject the detainee to greater indignity, than is reasonably necessary in order to conduct the screening procedure.

  (3)   This clause does not authorise an authorised officer to remove any of the detainee's clothing, or to require a detainee to remove any of his or her clothing.

  (4)   To avoid doubt, a screening procedure may be conducted in relation to a detainee under this clause irrespective of whether a search of the detainee is conducted under clause   15 or 17.

  (5)   In this clause:

"conducting a screening procedure" , in relation to a detainee, means:

  (a)   causing the detainee to walk, or to be moved, through screening equipment; or

  (b)   passing hand - held screening equipment over or around the detainee or around things in the detainee's possession; or

  (c)   passing things in the detainee's possession through screening equipment or examining such things by X - ray.

"screening equipment" means a metal detector or similar device for detecting objects or particular substances.

Note:   This clause corresponds closely to section   252AA of the Migration Act 1958 .

Division   3 -- Strip searches of detainees

17   Power to conduct a strip search

  (1)   A strip search of a detainee, other than a detainee to whom clause   22 applies, may be conducted by an authorised officer, without warrant, to find out whether there is hidden on the detainee, in his or her clothing or in a thing in his or her possession a weapon, or other thing, capable of being used:

  (a)   to inflict bodily injury; or

  (b)   to help the detainee, or any other detainee, to escape from detention.

Note:   Clause   18 sets out rules for conducting a strip search under this clause.

  (2)   A strip search of a detainee means a search of the detainee, of his or her clothing or of a thing in his or her possession. It may include:

  (a)   requiring the detainee to remove some or all of his or her clothing; and

  (b)   an examination of that clothing and of the detainee's body (but not of the detainee's body cavities).

  (3)   A strip search of a detainee may be conducted by an authorised officer only if:

  (a)   an officer or detention officer suspects on reasonable grounds that there is hidden on the detainee, in his or her clothing or in a thing in his or her possession a weapon or other thing described in subclause   ( 1); and

  (b)   the officer, or detention officer, referred to in paragraph   ( a) suspects on reasonable grounds that it is necessary to conduct a strip search of the detainee to recover that weapon or other thing; and

  (c)   the strip search is authorised as follows:

  (i)   if the detainee is at least 18--the CEO , the Secretary of the Department, or an SES Band 3 employee in the Department (who is not the officer referred to in paragraphs   ( a) and (b) nor the authorised officer conducting the strip search), authorises the strip search because he or she is satisfied that there are reasonable grounds for those suspicions;

  (ii)   if the detainee is at least 10 but under 18--a magistrate orders the strip search because he or she is satisfied that there are reasonable grounds for those suspicions.

  (4)   An officer or detention officer may form a suspicion on reasonable grounds for the purposes of paragraph   ( 3)(a) on the basis of:

  (a)   a search conducted under clause   15 (whether by that officer or detention officer or by another officer or detention officer); or

  (b)   a screening procedure conducted under clause   16 (whether by that officer or detention officer or by another officer or detention officer); or

  (c)   any other information that is available to the officer or detention officer.

  (5)   An authorisation of a strip search given for the purposes of paragraph   ( 3)(c):

  (a)   may be given by telephone, fax or other electronic means; and

  (b)   must be recorded in writing, and signed by the person giving the authorisation, within one business day after it is given.

  (6)   A record made under paragraph   ( 5)(b) is not a legislative instrument.

  (7)   A failure to comply with paragraph   ( 5)(b) does not affect the validity of a strip search conducted on the basis of that authorisation.

  (8)   The power to authorise a strip search under paragraph   ( 3)(c) cannot be delegated to any other person.

  (9)   A power conferred on a magistrate by this clause is conferred on the magistrate in a personal capacity and not as a court or a member of a court.

  (10)   The magistrate need not accept the power conferred.

  (11)   A magistrate exercising a power under this clause has the same protection and immunity as if he or she were exercising that power as, or as a member of, the court of which the magistrate is a member.

  (12)   To avoid doubt, a strip search of a detainee may be conducted under this clause irrespective of whether a search of the detainee is conducted under clause   15 or a screening procedure is conducted in relation to the detainee under clause   16.

  (13)   In this clause:

"business day" means a day that is not a Saturday, Sunday or public holiday in the place where the authorisation is given.

"SES Band 3 employee" means an SES employee with a classification of Senior Executive Band 3, and includes an SES employee who has been temporarily assigned duties that have been allocated a classification of Senior Executive Band 3.

Note:   This clause corresponds closely to section   252A of the Migration Act 1958 .

18   Rules for conducting a strip search

  (1)   A strip search of a detainee under clause   17:

  (a)   must not subject the detainee to greater indignity than is reasonably necessary to conduct the strip search; and

  (b)   must be conducted in a private area; and

  (c)   must be conducted by an authorised officer of the same sex as the detainee; and

  (d)   subject to subclauses   ( 2), (3) and (5), must not be conducted in the presence or view of a person who is of the opposite sex to the detainee; and

  (e)   subject to subclauses   ( 2), (3) and (5), must not be conducted in the presence or view of a person whose presence is not necessary for the purposes of the strip search; and

  (f)   must not be conducted on a detainee who is under 10; and

  (g)   if the detainee is at least 10 but under 18, or is incapable of managing his or her affairs--must be conducted in the presence of:

  (i)   the detainee's parent or guardian if that person is in detention with the detainee and is readily available at the same place; or

  (ii)   if that is not acceptable to the detainee or subparagraph   ( i) does not apply--another person (other than an authorised officer) who is capable of representing the detainee's interests and who, as far as is practicable in the circumstances, is acceptable to the detainee; and

  (h)   subject to subclause   ( 4), if the detainee is at least 18, and is not incapable of managing his or her affairs--must be conducted in the presence of another person (if any) nominated by the detainee, if that other person is readily available at the same place as the detainee, and willing to attend the strip search within a reasonable time; and

  (i)   must not involve a search of the detainee's body cavities; and

  (j)   must not involve the removal of more items of clothing, or more visual inspection, than the authorised officer conducting the search believes on reasonable grounds to be necessary to determine whether there is hidden on the detainee, in his or her clothing or in a thing in his or her possession a weapon or other thing described in subclause   17(1); and

  (k)   must not be conducted with greater force than is reasonably necessary to conduct the strip search.

  (2)   Paragraphs   ( 1)(d) and (e) do not apply to a parent or guardian, or a person present because of subparagraph   ( 1)(g)(ii), if the detainee has no objection to that person being present.

  (3)   Paragraphs   ( 1)(d) and (e) do not apply to a person nominated by the detainee under paragraph   ( 1)(h) to attend the strip search.

  (4)   Neither:

  (a)   a detainee's refusal or failure to nominate a person under paragraph   ( 1)(h) within a reasonable time; nor

  (b)   a detainee's inability to nominate a person under that paragraph who is readily available at the same place as the detainee and willing to attend the strip search within a reasonable time;

prevents a strip search being conducted.

  (5)   A strip search of a detainee may be conducted with the assistance of another person if the authorised officer conducting the strip search considers that to be necessary for the purposes of conducting it. That person must not be of the opposite sex to the detainee unless:

  (a)   the person is a medical practitioner; and

  (b)   a medical practitioner of the same sex as the detainee is not available within a reasonable time.

  (6)   An action or proceeding, whether civil or criminal, does not lie against a person who, at the request of an authorised officer, assists in conducting a strip search if the person acts in good faith and does not contravene this clause.

  (7)   A detainee must be provided with adequate clothing if during or as a result of a strip search any of his or her clothing is:

  (a)   damaged or destroyed; or

  (b)   retained under clause   19.

Note:   This clause corresponds closely to section   252B of the Migration Act 1958 .

Division   4 -- Keeping of things found by screening or strip search of detainees

19   Possession and retention of certain things obtained during a screening procedure or strip search

  (1)   An authorised officer may take possession of and retain a thing found in the course of conducting a screening procedure under clause   16 or conducting a strip search under clause   17 if the thing:

  (a)   might provide evidence of the commission of an offence against this Act; or

  (b)   is forfeited or forfeitable to the Commonwealth.

  (2)   A weapon or other thing described in subclause   16(1) or 17(1) that is found in the course of conducting a screening procedure under clause   16 or a strip search under clause   17 is forfeited to the Commonwealth.

  (3)   An authorised officer must not return a thing that is forfeited or forfeitable to the Commonwealth. Instead, the authorised officer must, as soon as practicable, give a thing that is forfeited under subclause   ( 2) to a constable (within the meaning of the Crimes Act 1914 ).

Note:   Subdivision C of Division   6 of Part   6 of this Act sets out the procedure for dealing with things seized as being forfeited under section   106A.

  (4)   An authorised officer must take reasonable steps to return anything that is not forfeited or forfeitable but is retained under subclause   ( 1) to the person from whom it was taken, or to the owner if that person is not entitled to possess it, if one of the following happens:

  (a)   it is decided that the thing is not to be used in evidence;

  (b)   the period of 60 days after the authorised officer takes possession of the thing ends.

  (5)   However, the authorised officer does not have to take those steps if:

  (a)   in a paragraph   ( 4)(b) case:

  (i)   proceedings in respect of which the thing might provide evidence have been instituted before the end of the 60 day period and have not been completed (including an appeal to a court in relation to those proceedings); or

  (ii)   the authorised officer may retain the thing because of an order under clause   21; or

  (b)   in any case--the authorised officer is otherwise authorised (by a law, or an order of a court or a tribunal, of the Commonwealth or a State or Territory) to retain, destroy or dispose of the thing.

Note:   This clause corresponds closely to section   252C of the Migration Act 1958 .

20   Authorised officer may apply for a thing to be retained for a further period

  (1)   This clause applies if an authorised officer has taken possession of a thing referred to in subclause   19(4) and proceedings in respect of which the thing might provide evidence have not commenced before the end of:

  (a)   60 days after the authorised officer takes possession of the thing; or

  (b)   a period previously specified in an order of a magistrate under clause   21.

  (2)   The authorised officer may apply to a magistrate for an order that the officer may retain the thing for a further period.

  (3)   Before making the application, the authorised officer must:

  (a)   take reasonable steps to discover which persons' interests would be affected by the retention of the thing; and

  (b)   if it is practicable to do so, notify each person who the authorised officer believes to be such a person of the proposed application.

Note:   This clause corresponds closely to section   252D of the Migration Act 1958 .

  (4)   A notice under paragraph   ( 3)(b) is not a legislative instrument.

21   Magistrate may order that thing be retained

  (1)   The magistrate may order that the authorised officer who made an application under clause   20   may retain the thing if the magistrate is satisfied that it is necessary for the authorised officer to do so:

  (a)   for the purposes of an investigation as to whether an offence has been committed; or

  (b)   to enable evidence of an offence to be secured for the purposes of a prosecution.

  (2)   The order must specify the period for which the authorised officer may retain the thing.

  (3)   A power conferred on a magistrate by this clause is conferred on the magistrate in a personal capacity and not as a court or a member of a court.

  (4)   The magistrate need not accept the power conferred.

  (5)   A magistrate exercising a power under this clause has the same protection and immunity as if he or she were exercising that power as, or as a member of, the court of which the magistrate is a member.

Note:   This clause corresponds closely to section   252E of the Migration Act 1958 .

Division   5 -- Law applying to detainee in State or Territory prison etc.

22   Detainees held in State or Territory prisons or remand centres

  (1)   This clause applies to a detainee if:

  (a)   he or she is held in detention in a prison or remand centre of a State or Territory; and

  (b)   a law of that State or Territory confers a power to search persons, or things in the possession of persons, serving sentences or being held in the prison or remand centre.

  (2)   To the extent that the State or Territory law confers that power, or affects the exercise of that power, it applies to the detainee as though it were a law of the Commonwealth.

  (3)   Clauses   16 and 17 do not apply to a detainee to whom this clause applies.

Note:   This clause corresponds closely to section   252F of the Migration Act 1958 .

Division   6 -- Screening detainees' visitors

23   Powers concerning entry to premises where detainee is detained

  (1)   An officer or detention officer may request that a person about to enter premises where a detainee is in detention do one or more of the following:

  (a)   walk through screening equipment;

  (b)   allow an officer or detention officer to pass hand - held screening equipment over or around the person or around things in the person's possession;

  (c)   allow things in the person's possession to pass through screening equipment or to be examined by X - ray.

  (2)   Screening equipment means a metal detector or similar device for detecting objects or particular substances.

  (3)   If an authorised officer suspects on reasonable grounds that a person about to enter premises where a detainee is in detention has in the person's possession a thing that might:

  (a)   endanger the safety of the detainees, staff or other persons on the premises; or

  (b)   disrupt the order or security arrangements on the premises;

the authorised officer may request that the person do some or all of the things in subclause   ( 4) for the purpose of finding out whether the person has such a thing. A request may be made whether or not a request is also made to the person under subclause   ( 1).

  (4)   An authorised officer may request that the person do one or more of the following:

  (a)   allow the authorised officer to inspect the things in the person's possession;

  (b)   remove some or all of the person's outer clothing such as a coat, jacket or similar item;

  (c)   remove items from the pockets of the person's clothing;

  (d)   open a thing in the person's possession, or remove the thing's contents, to allow the authorised officer to inspect the thing or its contents;

  (e)   leave a thing in the person's possession, or some or all of its contents, in a place specified by the authorised officer if he or she suspects on reasonable grounds that the thing or its contents are capable of concealing something that might:

  (i)   endanger the safety of the detainees, staff or other persons on the premises; or

  (ii)   disrupt the order or security arrangements on the premises.

  (5)   A person who leaves a thing (including any of its contents) in a place specified by an authorised officer is entitled to its return when the person leaves the premises.

  (6)   However, if possession of the thing, or any of those contents, by the person is unlawful under a Commonwealth, State or Territory law applying to the premises:

  (a)   the thing or the contents must not be returned to the person; and

  (b)   an authorised officer must, as soon as practicable, give the thing or the contents to a constable (within the meaning of the Crimes Act 1914 ).

  (7)   A person who is about to enter premises where a detainee is detained may be refused entry if the person does not comply with a request under this clause.

Note:   This clause corresponds closely to section   252G of the Migration Act 1958 .

  (8)   In this clause:

"premises" includes a place, a vessel, a vehicle and an aircraft.

Part   4 -- Detainees' rights to facilities for obtaining legal advice etc.

 

24   Detainee may have access to certain advice, facilities etc.

    The person responsible for detention of a detainee must, at the detainee's request, afford to him or her all reasonable facilities for obtaining legal advice or taking legal proceedings in relation to his or her detention.

Note:   This clause corresponds to section   256 of the Migration Act 1958 .

Part   5 -- Identifying detainees

Division   1 -- Preliminary

25   Definitions

    In this Part, unless the contrary intention appears:

"identification test" means a test carried out in order to obtain a personal identifier.

"incapable person" means a person who is incapable of understanding the general nature and effect of, and purposes of, a requirement to provide a personal identifier.

"independent person" means a person (other than an officer, detention officer or authorised officer) who:

  (a)   is capable of representing the interests of a non - citizen who is providing, or is to provide, a personal identifier; and

  (b)   as far as practicable, is acceptable to the non - citizen who is providing, or is to provide, the personal identifier; and

  (c)   if the non - citizen is a minor--is capable of representing the minor's best interests.

"minor" means a person who is less than 18 years old.

"non-citizen" means a person who is not an Australian citizen.

"personal identifier" has the meaning given by clause   26.

Note:   The definitions of expressions in this clause correspond closely to definitions of those expressions in section   5 of the Migration Act 1958 .

26   Meaning of personal identifier

  (1)   In this Part:

"personal identifier" means any of the following (including any of the following in digital form):

  (a)   fingerprints or handprints of a person (including those taken using paper and ink or digital livescanning technologies);

  (b)   a measurement of a person's height and weight;

  (c)   a photograph or other image of a person's face and shoulders;

  (d)   an audio or a video recording of a person (other than a video recording under clause   37);

  (e)   an iris scan;

  (f)   a person's signature;

  (g)   any other identifier prescribed by the regulations, other than an identifier the obtaining of which would involve the carrying out of an intimate forensic procedure within the meaning of section   23WA of the Crimes Act 1914 .

  (2)   Before the Governor - General makes regulations for the purposes of paragraph   ( 1)(g) prescribing an identifier, the Minister must be satisfied that:

  (a)   obtaining the identifier would not involve the carrying out of an intimate forensic procedure within the meaning of section   23WA of the Crimes Act 1914 ; and

  (b)   the identifier is an image of, or a measurement or recording of, an external part of the body; and

  (c)   obtaining the identifier will promote one or more of the purposes referred to in subclause   ( 3).

  (3)   The purposes are:

  (a)   to assist in the identification of, and to authenticate the identity of, any person who can be required under this Act to provide a personal identifier; and

  (b)   to assist in identifying, in the future, any such person ; and

  (c)   to enhance AFMA's ability to identify non - citizens who have a criminal history relating to fisheries; and

  (d)   to combat document and identity fraud in fisheries matters; and

  (e)   to complement anti - people smuggling measures; and

  (f)   to inform the governments of foreign countries of the identity of non - citizens who have been detained under, or charged with offences against, this Act; and

  (g)   to facilitate international cooperation to combat fishing activities that involve a breach of the laws of Australia or of a foreign country.

Note:   This clause corresponds closely to section   5A of the Migration Act 1958 .

27   Limiting the types of identification tests that authorised officers may carry out

  (1)   AFMA may, in an instrument authorising an officer or detention officer as an authorised officer for the purposes of carrying out identification tests under this Part, specify the types of identification tests that the authorised officer may carry out.

  (2)   Such an authorised officer is not an authorised officer in relation to carrying out an identification test that is not of a type so specified.

Note:   This clause corresponds closely to section   5D of the Migration Act 1958 .

Division   2 -- Identification of detainees

Subdivision A -- Provision of personal identifiers

28   Detainees must provide personal identifiers

  (1)   A non - citizen in detention must (other than in the prescribed circumstances) provide to an authorised officer one or more personal identifiers.

Note:   A person who is an Australian citizen, or is a non - citizen but an Australian resident, may be in detention but must be released as soon as an officer or detention officer knows or reasonably believes the person is an Australian citizen or resident.

  (2)   An authorised officer must not require, for the purposes of subclause   ( 1), a detainee to provide a personal identifier other than any of the following (including any of the following in digital form):

  (a)   fingerprints or handprints of the detainee (including those taken using paper and ink or digital livescanning technologies);

  (b)   a measurement of the detainee's height and weight;

  (c)   a photograph or other image of the detainee's face and shoulders;

  (d)   the detainee's signature;

  (e)   any other personal identifier of a type prescribed for the purposes of this paragraph.

Note:   Division   3 sets out further restrictions on the personal identifiers that minors and incapable persons can be required to provide.

  (3)   The one or more personal identifiers are to be provided by way of one or more identification tests carried out by the authorised officer in accordance with this Division.

Note 1:   Subject to certain restrictions, clause   32 allows reasonable force to be used to carry out identification tests under this Division.

Note 2:   This clause corresponds closely to section   261AA of the Migration Act 1958 .

29   Authorised officers must require and carry out identification tests

  (1)   The authorised officer must, other than in the circumstances prescribed for the purposes of subclause   28(1):

  (a)   require the non - citizen to provide one or more personal identifiers, of the type or types prescribed, by way of one or more identification tests carried out by the authorised officer; and

  (b)   carry out the one or more identification tests on the non - citizen.

  (2)   However:

  (a)   if the types of identification tests that the authorised officer may carry out is specified under clause   27--each identification test must be of a type so specified; and

  (b)   each identification test must be carried out in accordance with Subdivision B; and

  (c)   unless the authorised officer has reasonable grounds to believe that the non - citizen is not a minor or an incapable person--each identification test must be carried out in accordance with the additional requirements of Division   3.

Note:   Subclauses   ( 1) and (2) correspond closely to section   261AB of the Migration Act 1958 .

  (3)   If:

  (a)   the authorised officer is authorised because of clause   7 (which effectively treats as authorised officers for the purposes of certain provisions of this Schedule certain persons who are authorised officers for the purposes of certain provisions of the Migration Act 1958 ); and

  (b)   an instrument under section   5D of that Act specifies the types of identification test the authorised officer may carry out;

paragraph   ( 2)(a) of this clause has effect as if the specified types (except any specified under subclause   7(3) in relation to the authorised officer) had been specified under clause   27.

30   Information to be provided before carrying out identification tests

  (1)   Before carrying out an identification test, the authorised officer must:

  (a)   inform the non - citizen that the non - citizen may ask that an independent person be present while the identification test is carried out and that the test be carried out by a person of the same sex as the non - citizen; and

  (b)   inform the non - citizen of such other matters as are specified in the regulations.

  (2)   For the purposes of subclause   ( 1), the authorised officer informs the non - citizen of a matter if the authorised officer informs the non - citizen of the matter, through an interpreter if necessary, in a language (including sign language or braille) in which the non - citizen is able to communicate with reasonable fluency.

  (3)   The authorised officer may comply with this clause by giving to the non - citizen, in accordance with the regulations, a form setting out the information specified in the regulations. However, the information must be in a language (including braille) in which the non - citizen is able to communicate with reasonable fluency.

Note:   This clause corresponds closely to section   261AC of the Migration Act 1958 .

  (4)   A form mentioned in subclause   ( 3) is not a legislative instrument.

Subdivision B -- How identification tests are carried out

31   General rules for carrying out identification tests

    An identification test under this Division:

  (a)   must be carried out in circumstances affording reasonable privacy to the non - citizen; and

  (b)   if the non - citizen so requests and it is practicable to comply with the request--must not be carried out in the presence or view of a person who is of the opposite sex to the non - citizen; and

  (c)   must not be carried out in the presence or view of a person whose presence is not necessary for the purposes of the identification test or is not required or permitted by another provision of this Act; and

  (d)   must not involve the removal of more clothing than is necessary for carrying out the test; and

  (e)   must not involve more visual inspection than is necessary for carrying out the test; and

  (f)   if the test is one of 2 or more identification tests to be carried out on the non - citizen--must be carried out at the same time as the other identification tests, if it is practicable to do so.

Note:   This clause corresponds closely to section   261AD of the Migration Act 1958 .

32   Use of force in carrying out identification tests

When use of force is permitted

  (1)   Subject to subclause   ( 2) and clause   33, an authorised officer, or a person authorised under clause   34 to help the authorised officer, may use reasonable force:

  (a)   to enable the identification test to be carried out; or

  (b)   to prevent the loss, destruction or contamination of any personal identifier or any meaningful identifier derived from the personal identifier.

However, this clause does not authorise the use of force against a minor or an incapable person, or if the personal identifier in question is a person's signature.

  (2)   The authorised officer or person must not use force unless:

  (a)   the non - citizen required to provide the personal identifier in question has refused to allow the identification test to be carried out; and

  (b)   all reasonable measures to carry out the identification test without the use of force have been exhausted; and

  (c)   use of force in carrying out the identification test is authorised under subclause   ( 4).

Applications for authorisation to use force

  (3)   An authorised officer may apply to a senior authorising officer (who is not an authorised officer referred to in subclause   ( 1)) for an authorisation to use force in carrying out the identification test.

Authorisation to use force

  (4)   The senior authorising officer may authorise the use of force in carrying out the identification test if he or she is reasonably satisfied that:

  (a)   the non - citizen required to provide the personal identifier in question has refused to allow the identification test to be carried out; and

  (b)   all reasonable measures to carry out the identification test without the use of force have been exhausted.

  (5)   An authorisation under subclause   ( 4):

  (a)   may be given by telephone, fax or other electronic means; and

  (b)   must be recorded in writing, and signed by the person giving the authorisation, within one business day after it is given.

  (6)   A record made under paragraph   ( 5)(b) is not a legislative instrument.

  (7)   A failure to comply with paragraph   ( 5)(b) does not affect the validity of an identification test carried out on the basis of that authorisation.

  (8)   The power to give an authorisation under subclause   ( 4) cannot be delegated to any other person.

Definition

  (9)   In this clause:

"senior authorising officer" means an officer, or detention officer, whom AFMA has authorised, or who is included in a class of officers or detention officers whom AFMA has authorised, to perform the functions of a senior authorising officer under this clause.

Note:   This clause corresponds closely to section   261AE of the Migration Act 1958 .

33   Identification tests not to be carried out in cruel, inhuman or degrading manner etc.

    For the purposes of this Act, the carrying out of the identification test is not of itself taken:

  (a)   to be cruel, inhuman or degrading; or

  (b)   to be a failure to treat a person with humanity and with respect for human dignity.

However, nothing in this Act authorises the carrying out of the identification test in a cruel, inhuman or degrading manner, or in a manner that fails to treat a person with humanity and with respect for human dignity.

Note:   This clause corresponds closely to section   261AF of the Migration Act 1958 .

34   Authorised officer may get help to carry out identification tests

    An authorised officer may ask another authorised officer or an officer or detention officer to help him or her to carry out the identification test, and the other person may give that help.

Note:   This clause corresponds closely to section   261AG of the Migration Act 1958 .

35   Identification tests to be carried out by authorised officer of same sex as non - citizen

    If the non - citizen requests that the identification test be carried out by an authorised officer of the same sex as the non - citizen, the test must only be carried out by an authorised officer of the same sex as the non - citizen.

Note:   This clause corresponds closely to section   261AH of the Migration Act 1958 .

36   Independent person to be present

    The identification test must be carried out in the presence of an independent person if:

  (a)   force is used in carrying out the identification test; or

  (b)   both of the following apply:

  (i)   the non - citizen requests that an independent person be present while the identification test is being carried out;

  (ii)   an independent person is readily available at the same place as the non - citizen and is willing to attend the test within a reasonable time.

Note:   This clause corresponds closely to section   261AI of the Migration Act 1958 .

37   Recording of identification tests

  (1)   An authorised officer may video record the carrying out of the identification test.

  (2)   If the carrying out of the identification test is not video recorded, the authorised officer may decide that the identification test must be carried out in the presence of an independent person.

Note:   This clause corresponds closely to section   261AJ of the Migration Act 1958 .

38   Retesting

When retesting is permitted

  (1)   If:

  (a)   an authorised officer has carried out an identification test (the earlier test ) on a non - citizen in accordance with this Division (including a test authorised under subclause   ( 4)); and

  (b)   either:

  (i)   a personal identifier that is provided as a result of the earlier test being carried out is unusable; or

  (ii)   an authorised officer, officer or detention officer is not satisfied about the integrity of that personal identifier;

the authorised officer who carried out the earlier test or another authorised officer may require the non - citizen to provide the personal identifier again, and may carry out the test again in accordance with this Division, if:

  (c)   the requirement is made while the earlier test is being carried out or immediately after it was carried out; or

  (d)   carrying out the test again is authorised under subclause   ( 4).

  (2)   If the non - citizen is required under subclause   ( 1) to provide the personal identifier again, the non - citizen is taken, for the purposes of this Division, not to have provided the personal identifier as a result of the earlier test being carried out.

Applications for authorisation to retest

  (3)   An authorised officer may apply for an authorisation to carry out the test again. The application is to be made to:

  (a)   if the earlier test was not a test authorised under subclause   ( 4)--a senior authorising officer (who is not an authorised officer, officer or detention officer referred to in subclause   ( 1)); or

  (b)   if the earlier test was a test authorised under subclause   ( 4) by a senior authorising officer--the CEO , the Secretary of the Department or an SES Band 3 employee in the Department (who is not an authorised officer, officer or detention officer referred to in subclause   ( 1)).

Authorisation to retest

  (4)   The senior authorising officer, CEO , Secretary or SES Band 3 employee (as the case requires) may authorise the test to be carried out again if:

  (a)   he or she is reasonably satisfied that the personal identifier that is provided as a result of the earlier test being carried out is unusable; or

  (b)   he or she is not reasonably satisfied about the integrity of that personal identifier.

  (5)   An authorisation under subclause   ( 4):

  (a)   may be given by telephone, fax or other electronic means; and

  (b)   must be recorded in writing, and signed by the person giving the authorisation, within one business day after it is given.

  (6)   A record made under paragraph   ( 5)(b) is not a legislative instrument.

  (7)   A failure to comply with paragraph   ( 5)(b) does not affect the validity of an identification test carried out on the basis of that authorisation.

  (8)   The power to give an authorisation under subclause   ( 4) cannot be delegated to any other person.

Use of force

  (9)   An authorisation under subclause   ( 4) does not authorise the use of force in carrying out an identification test.

Note:   See clause   32 on the use of force in carrying out identification tests.

Effect of refusing to authorise retesting

  (10)   If an application for an authorisation to carry out an identification test again on a non - citizen is refused, the non - citizen is taken, for the purposes of this Act, to have complied with any requirement under this Act to provide the personal identifier in question.

Definitions

  (11)   In this clause:

"senior authorising officer" means an officer, or detention officer, who:

  (a)   has been authorised, or is included in a class of officers or detention officers who have been authorised, by AFMA to perform the functions of a senior authorising officer under this clause; and

  (b)   is not the CEO , the Secretary of the Department or an SES Band 3 employee in the Department.

"SES Band 3 employee" means an SES employee with a classification of Senior Executive Band 3, and includes an SES employee who has been temporarily assigned duties that have been allocated a classification of Senior Executive Band 3.

Note:   This clause corresponds closely to section   261AK of the Migration Act 1958 .

Subdivision C -- Obligations relating to video recordings of identification tests

39   Definitions

    In this Subdivision, unless the contrary intention appears:

"permitted provision" , of a video recording, has the meaning given by subclause   42(2).

"provide" , in relation to a video recording, includes provide access to the recording.

"related document" means a document that contains information, derived from a video recording made under clause   37 or from a copy of such a recording, from which the identity of the individual on whom the identification test in question was carried out is apparent or can reasonably be ascertained.

"video recording" means a video recording made under clause   37 or a copy of such a recording, and includes a related document.

Note:   This clause corresponds closely to section   261AKA of the Migration Act 1958 .

40   Accessing video recordings

  (1)   A person commits an offence if:

  (a)   the person accesses a video recording; and

  (b)   the person is not authorised under clause   41 to access the video recording for the purpose for which the person accessed it.

Penalty:   Imprisonment for 2 years.

  (2)   This clause does not apply if the access is through the provision of a video recording that is a permitted provision.

Note 1:   A defendant bears an evidential burden in relation to the matter in subclause   ( 2) (see subsection   13.3(3) of the Criminal Code ).

Note 2:   This clause corresponds closely to section   261AKB of the Migration Act 1958 .

41   Authorising access to video recordings

  (1)   AFMA may, in writing, authorise a specified person, or any person included in a specified class of persons, to access:

  (a)   all video recordings; or

  (b)   a specified video recording, or video recordings of a specified kind.

  (2)   AFMA must specify in an authorisation under this clause, as the purpose or purposes for which access is authorised, one or more of the following purposes:

  (a)   providing a video recording to another person in accordance with this Subdivision;

  (b)   administering or managing the storage of video recordings;

  (c)   making a video recording available to the person to whom it relates;

  (d)   modifying related documents in order to correct errors or ensure compliance with appropriate standards;

  (e)   any purpose connected with determining whether a civil or criminal liability has arisen from a person carrying out or helping to carry out an identification test under this Act;

  (f)   complying with laws of the Commonwealth or the States or Territories;

  (g)   disclosing personal information under clause   59 (about disclosure of information about a person who has been in detention, for the purposes of the immigration detention or removal of the person).

  (3)   However, AFMA must not specify as a purpose for which access is authorised a purpose that will include or involve the purpose of:

  (a)   investigating an offence against a law of the Commonwealth or a State or Territory (other than an offence involving whether an identification test was carried out lawfully); or

  (b)   prosecuting a person for such an offence;

if the identifying information in question relates to a personal identifier of a prescribed type.

Note:   This clause corresponds closely to section   261AKC of the Migration Act 1958 .

42   Providing video recordings

  (1)   A person commits an offence if:

  (a)   the person's conduct causes a video recording to be provided to another person; and

  (b)   the provision of the recording is not a permitted provision of the recording.

Penalty:   Imprisonment for 2 years.

  (2)   A permitted provision of a video recording is a provision of the recording that:

  (a)   is for the purpose of administering or managing the storage of video recordings; or

  (b)   is for the purpose of making the video recording in question available to the non - citizen to whom it relates; or

  (c)   is for the purpose of a proceeding, before a court or tribunal, relating to the non - citizen to whom the video recording in question relates; or

  (d)   is for any purpose connected with determining whether a civil or criminal liability has arisen from a person carrying out or helping to carry out an identification test under this Act; or

  (e)   is for the purpose of an investigation by the Information Commissioner under the Privacy Act 1988 or the Ombudsman relating to carrying out an identification test; or

  (f)   is made to a prescribed body or agency for the purpose of the body or agency inquiring into the operation of provisions of this Act relating to carrying out an identification test; or

  (g)   takes place with the written consent of the non - citizen to whom the video recording in question relates; or

  (h)   is a disclosure authorised by clause   59 (about disclosure of information about a person who has been in detention, for the purposes of the immigration detention or removal of the person).

  (3)   However, a provision of a video recording is not a permitted provision of the recording if:

  (a)   it constitutes a disclosure of identifying information relating to a personal identifier of a prescribed type; and

  (b)   it is for the purpose of:

  (i)   investigating an offence against a law of the Commonwealth or a State or Territory (other than an offence involving whether an identification test was carried out lawfully); or

  (ii)   prosecuting a person for such an offence.

Note:   This clause corresponds closely to section   261AKD of the Migration Act 1958 .

43   Unauthorised modification of video recordings

    A person commits an offence if:

  (a)   the person causes any unauthorised modification of a video recording; and

  (b)   the person intends to cause the modification; and

  (c)   the person knows that the modification is unauthorised.

Penalty:   Imprisonment for 2 years.

44   Unauthorised impairment of video recordings

    A person commits an offence if:

  (a)   the person causes any unauthorised impairment of:

  (i)   the reliability of a video recording; or

  (ii)   the security of the storage of a video recording; or

  (iii)   the operation of a system by which a video recording is stored; and

  (b)   the person intends to cause the impairment; and

  (c)   the person knows that the impairment is unauthorised.

Penalty:   Imprisonment for 2 years.

45   Meanings of unauthorised modification and unauthorised impairment etc.

  (1)   In this Subdivision:

  (a)   modification of a video recording; or

  (b)   impairment of the reliability of a video recording; or

  (c)   impairment of the security of the storage of a video recording; or

  (d)   impairment of the operation of a system by which a video recording is stored;

by a person is unauthorised if the person is not entitled to cause that modification or impairment.

  (2)   Any such modification or impairment caused by the person is not unauthorised merely because he or she has an ulterior purpose for causing it.

  (3)   For the purposes of an offence under this Subdivision, a person causes any such unauthorised modification or impairment if the person's conduct substantially contributes to it.

  (4)   For the purposes of subclause   ( 1), if:

  (a)   a person causes any modification or impairment of a kind mentioned in that subclause; and

  (b)   the person does so under a warrant issued under the law of the Commonwealth, a State or a Territory;

the person is entitled to cause that modification or impairment.

Note:   This clause corresponds closely to section   261AKG of the Migration Act 1958 .

46   Destroying video recordings

    A person commits an offence if:

  (a)   the person is the person who has day - to - day responsibility for the system under which a video recording is stored; and

  (b)   the person fails physically to destroy the recording, and all copies of the recording, within 10 years after it was made.

Penalty:   Imprisonment for 2 years.

Division   3 -- Identification of minors and incapable persons

47   Minors

Minors less than 15 years old

  (1)   A non - citizen who is less than 15 years old must not be required under this Act to provide a personal identifier other than a personal identifier consisting of:

  (a)   a measurement of the non - citizen's height and weight; or

  (b)   the non - citizen's photograph or other image of the non - citizen's face and shoulders.

Persons present while identification test is carried out

  (2)   If a non - citizen who is a minor provides a personal identifier, in accordance with a requirement under this Act, by way of an identification test carried out by an authorised officer, the test must be carried out in the presence of:

  (a)   a parent or guardian of the minor; or

  (b)   an independent person.

  (3)   However, if the Minister administering the Immigration (Guardianship of Children) Act 1946 is the guardian of the minor, the test must be carried out in the presence of an independent person other than that Minister.

Note:   This clause corresponds closely to subsections   261AL(1), (5) and (6) of the Migration Act 1958 .

48   Incapable persons

Incapable persons

  (1)   A non - citizen who is an incapable person must not be required under this Act to provide a personal identifier other than a personal identifier consisting of:

  (a)   a measurement of the non - citizen's height and weight; or

  (b)   the non - citizen's photograph or other image of the non - citizen's face and shoulders.

Persons present while identification test is carried out

  (2)   If a non - citizen who is an incapable person provides a personal identifier, in accordance with a requirement under this Act, by way of an identification test carried out by an authorised officer, the test must be carried out in the presence of:

  (a)   a parent or guardian of the incapable person; or

  (b)   an independent person.

Note:   This clause corresponds closely to subsections   261AM(1) and (4) of the Migration Act 1958 .

Division   4 -- Obligations relating to detainees' identifying information

Subdivision A -- Preliminary

49   Definitions

    In this Division:

"disclose" , in relation to identifying information that is a personal identifier provided under clause   28, includes provide unauthorised access to the personal identifier.

Note:   Clause   52 deals with authorised access to identifying information.

"identifying information" means the following:

  (a)   any personal identifier provided under clause   28;

  (b)   any meaningful identifier derived from any such personal identifier;

  (c)   any record of a result of analysing any such personal identifier or any meaningful identifier derived from any such personal identifier;

  (d)   any other information, derived from any such personal identifier, from any meaningful identifier derived from any such personal identifier or from any record of a kind referred to in paragraph   ( c), that could be used to discover a particular person's identity or to get information about a particular person.

"permitted disclosure" has the meaning given by subclauses   53(2) and (3).

"unauthorised impairment" has the meaning given by clause   57.

"unauthorised modification" has the meaning given by clause   57.

Note:   This clause corresponds closely to section   336A of the Migration Act 1958 .

50   Application

    Section   15.4 of the Criminal Code (extended geographical jurisdiction--category D) applies to all offences against this Division.

Note:   This clause corresponds closely to section   336B of the Migration Act 1958 .

Subdivision B -- Accessing identifying information

51   Accessing identifying information

  (1)   A person commits an offence if:

  (a)   the person accesses identifying information; and

  (b)   the person is not authorised under clause   52 to access the identifying information for the purpose for which the person accessed it.

Penalty:   Imprisonment for 2 years.

  (1A)   This clause does not apply if the person believes on reasonable grounds that the access is necessary to prevent or lessen a serious and imminent threat to the life or health of the person or of any other person.

Note:   A defendant bears an evidential burden in relation to the matter in subclause   ( 1A) (see subsection   13.3(3) of the Criminal Code ).

  (2)   This clause does not apply if the access is through a disclosure that is a permitted disclosure.

Note 1:   A defendant bears an evidential burden in relation to the matter in subclause   ( 2) (see subsection   13.3(3) of the Criminal Code ).

Note 2:   This clause corresponds closely to section   336C of the Migration Act 1958 .

52   Authorising access to identifying information

  (1)   AFMA may, in writing, authorise a specified person, or any person included in a specified class of persons, to access identifying information of the kind specified in the authorisation.

  (2)   AFMA must specify in an authorisation under this clause, as the purpose or purposes for which access is authorised, one or more of the following purposes:

  (a)   one or more of the purposes set out in subclause   26(3);

  (b)   disclosing identifying information in accordance with this Division;

  (c)   administering or managing the storage of identifying information;

  (d)   making identifying information available to the person to whom it relates;

  (e)   modifying identifying information to enable it to be matched with other identifying information;

  (f)   modifying identifying information in order to correct errors or ensure compliance with appropriate standards;

  (g)   the purposes of this Act;

  (h)   complying with laws of the Commonwealth or the States or Territories;

  (i)   disclosing personal information under clause   59 (about disclosure of information about a person who has been in detention, for the purposes of the immigration detention or removal of the person).

  (3)   However, AFMA must not specify as a purpose for which access is authorised a purpose that will include or involve the purpose of:

  (a)   investigating an offence against a law of the Commonwealth or a State or Territory; or

  (b)   prosecuting a person for such an offence;

if the identifying information in question relates to a personal identifier of a prescribed type.

Note:   This clause corresponds closely to section   336D of the Migration Act 1958 .

Subdivision C -- Disclosing identifying information

53   Disclosing identifying information

  (1)   A person commits an offence if:

  (a)   the person's conduct causes disclosure of identifying information; and

  (b)   the disclosure is not a permitted disclosure.

Penalty:   Imprisonment for 2 years.

  (1A)   This clause does not apply if the person believes on reasonable grounds that the disclosure is necessary to prevent or lessen a serious and imminent threat to the life or health of the person or of any other person.

Note:   A defendant bears an evidential burden in relation to the matter in subclause   ( 1A) (see subsection   13.3(3) of the Criminal Code ).

  (2)   A permitted disclosure is a disclosure that:

  (a)   is for the purpose of data - matching in order to:

  (i)   identify, or authenticate the identity of, a person ; or

  (ii)   facilitate the processing of persons entering or departing from Australia ; or

  (iii)   identify non - citizens who have a criminal history, who are of character concern (as defined in the Migration Act 1958 ) or who are of national security concern; or

  (iv)   combat document and identity fraud in immigration matters; or

  (v)   ascertain whether an applicant for a protection visa had sufficient opportunity to avail himself or herself of protection before arriving in Australia ; or

  (vi)   inform the governments of foreign countries of the identity of non - citizens who are, or are to be, removed from Australia ; or

  (b)   is for the purpose of administering or managing the storage of identifying information; or

  (c)   is authorised under clause   54 and is for the purpose, or one or more of the purposes, for which the disclosure is authorised; or

  (d)   is for the purpose of making the identifying information in question available to the person to whom it relates; or

  (da)   is to an agency of the Commonwealth or of a State or Territory in order to verify that a person is an Australian citizen or holds a visa of a particular class; or

  (e)   takes place under an arrangement entered into with an agency of the Commonwealth, or with a State or Territory or an agency of a State or Territory, for the exchange of identifying information; or

  (ea)   is reasonably necessary for the enforcement of the criminal law of the Commonwealth or of a State or Territory; or

  (eb)   is required by or under a law of the Commonwealth or of a State or Territory; or

  (f)   is for the purpose of a proceeding, before a court or tribunal, relating to the person to whom the identifying information in question relates; or

  (g)   is for the purpose of an investigation by the Information Commissioner or the Ombudsman relating to action taken by the Department; or

  (h)   is made to a prescribed body or agency for the purpose of the body or agency inquiring into the operation of provisions of this Act relating to:

  (i)   carrying out an identification test; or

  (ii)   requiring the provision of a personal identifier; or

  (ha)   is a disclosure of an audio or a video recording for the purposes of:

  (i)   this Act or the regulations; and

  (ii)   transcribing or translating the recording, or conducting language analysis or accent analysis of the recording; or

  (i)   takes place with the written consent of the person to whom the identifying information in question relates; or

  (j)   is a disclosure authorised by clause   59 (about disclosure of information about a person who has been in detention, for the purposes of the immigration detention or removal of the person).

  (3)   However, a disclosure is not a permitted disclosure if:

  (a)   it is a disclosure of identifying information relating to a personal identifier of a prescribed type; and

  (b)   it is for the purpose of:

  (i)   investigating an offence against a law of the Commonwealth or a State or Territory; or

  (ii)   prosecuting a person for such an offence.

Note:   This clause corresponds closely to section   336E of the Migration Act 1958 .

54   Authorising disclosure of identifying information to foreign countries etc.

  (1)   AFMA may, in writing, authorise a specified officer or detention officer, any officer or detention officer included in a specified class of officers or detention officers, or an Agency (as defined in the Public Service Act 1999 ) prescribed by the regulations, to disclose identifying information of the kind specified in the authorisation to one or more of the following:

  (a)   one or more specified foreign countries;

  (b)   one or more specified bodies each of which is:

  (i)   a police force or police service of a foreign country; or

  (ii)   a law enforcement body of a foreign country; or

  (iii)   a border control body of a foreign country;

  (c)   one or more specified international organisations, or specified organisations of foreign countries, that are responsible for fisheries matters;

  (d)   one or more prescribed bodies of a foreign country, of the Commonwealth or of a State or Territory;

  (e)   one or more prescribed international organisations.

  (2)   AFMA must specify in the authorisation, as the purpose or purposes for which disclosure is authorised, one or more of the purposes set out in subclause   26(3).

Note:   This clause corresponds closely to subsections   336F(1) and (2) of the Migration Act 1958 .

Subdivision D -- Modifying and impairing identifying information

55   Unauthorised modification of identifying information

    A person commits an offence if:

  (a)   the person causes any unauthorised modification of identifying information; and

  (b)   the person intends to cause the modification; and

  (c)   the person knows that the modification is unauthorised.

Penalty:   Imprisonment for 2 years.

56   Unauthorised impairment of identifying information

    A person commits an offence if:

  (a)   the person causes any unauthorised impairment of:

  (i)   the reliability of identifying information; or

  (ii)   the security of the storage of identifying information; or

  (iii)   the operation of a system by which identifying information is stored; and

  (b)   the person intends to cause the impairment; and

  (c)   the person knows that the impairment is unauthorised.

Penalty:   Imprisonment for 2 years.

57   Meanings of unauthorised modification and unauthorised impairment etc.

  (1)   In this Division:

  (a)   modification of identifying information; or

  (b)   impairment of the reliability of identifying information; or

  (c)   impairment of the security of the storage of identifying information; or

  (d)   impairment of the operation of a system by which identifying information is stored;

by a person is unauthorised if the person is not entitled to cause that modification or impairment.

  (2)   Any such modification or impairment caused by the person is not unauthorised merely because he or she has an ulterior purpose for causing it.

  (3)   For the purposes of an offence under this Division, a person causes any such unauthorised modification or impairment if the person's conduct substantially contributes to it.

  (4)   For the purposes of subclause   ( 1), if:

  (a)   a person causes any modification or impairment of a kind mentioned in that subclause; and

  (b)   the person does so under a warrant issued under the law of the Commonwealth, a State or a Territory;

the person is entitled to cause that modification or impairment.

Note:   This clause corresponds closely to section   336J of the Migration Act 1958 .

Subdivision E -- Retaining identifying information

58   Identifying information may be indefinitely retained

    Identifying information may be indefinitely retained.

Note:   This clause corresponds closely to paragraph   336L(1)(a) of the Migration Act 1958 , because under this Schedule identifying information will always be about someone who is or has been in detention.

Part   6 -- Disclosure of detainees' personal information

 

59   Disclosure of detainees' personal information

  (1)   For the purposes described in subclause   ( 2), an agency or organisation that is or has been responsible for the detention of an individual may disclose personal information about the individual to an agency, or organisation, that is or will be responsible for:

  (a)   taking the individual into immigration detention; or

  (b)   keeping the individual in immigration detention; or

  (c)   causing the individual to be kept in immigration detention; or

  (d)   the removal of the individual.

  (2)   The purposes are:

  (a)   the immigration detention of the individual; and

  (b)   the removal of the individual; and

  (c)   the welfare of the individual while in immigration detention or while being removed.

  (3)   In this clause:

"agency" has the same meaning as in the Privacy Act 1988 .

"immigration detention" has the same meaning as in the Migration Act 1958 .

"organisation" has the same meaning as in the Privacy Act 1988 .

"personal information" has the same meaning as in the Privacy Act 1988 .

"removal" has the same meaning as in the Migration Act 1958 .


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