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FAMILY RELATIONSHIPS ACT 1975 - NOTES

Legislative history

Notes

• Amendments of this version that are uncommenced are not incorporated into the text.

• Please note—References in the legislation to other legislation or instruments or to titles of bodies or offices are not automatically updated as part of the program for the revision and publication of legislation and therefore may be obsolete.

• Earlier versions of this Act (historical versions) are listed at the end of the legislative history.

• For further information relating to the Act and subordinate legislation made under the Act see the Index of South Australian Statutes or www.legislation.sa.gov.au.

Principal Act and amendments

New entries appear in bold.

Year

No

Title

Assent

Commencement

1975

115

Family Relationships Act 1975

4.12.1975

29.1.1976 (Gazette 29.1.1976 p356)

1984

102

Family Relationships Act Amendment Act 1984

20.12.1984

14.2.1985 (Gazette 14.2.1985 p366)

1986

66

Family Relationships Act Amendment Act 1986

13.11.1986

13.11.1986

1988

2

Family Relationships Act Amendment Act 1988

3.3.1988

7.4.1988 (Gazette 7.4.1988 p856)

2006

43

Statutes Amendment (Domestic Partners) Act 2006

14.12.2006

Pt 2 (ss 4—7)—1.6.2007 (Gazette 26.4.2007 p1352)

2009

43

Reproductive Technology (Clinical Practices) (Miscellaneous) Amendment Act 2009

1.10.2009

Sch 1 (Pt 1)—1.9.2010 (Gazette 1.7.2010 p3338)

2009

64

Statutes Amendment (Surrogacy) Act 2009 as amended by 8/2010

26.11.2009

Pt 2 (ss 4—14) & Sch 1—26.11.2010: s 2

2010

8

Statutes Amendment (Surrogacy) Amendment Act 2010

8.7.2010

26.11.2010 immediately after 64/2009: s 2

2011

22

Family Relationships (Parentage) Amendment Act 2011

23.6.2011

15.12.2011 (Gazette 15.12.2011 p4987)

2011

27

Statutes Amendment (De Facto Relationships) Act 2011

21.7.2011

Pt 3 (s 5)—21.7.2011: s 2(1)

2012

22

Family Relationships (Surrogacy) Amendment Act 2012

7.6.2012

7.6.2012

2015

15

Family Relationships (Surrogacy) Amendment Act 2015

16.7.2015

Pt 2 (ss 3—9)—16.7.2015

2016

30

Family Relationships (Parentage Presumptions) Amendment Act 2016

23.6.2016

Pt 2 (s 4)—23.9.2016: s 2

2016

32

Statutes Amendment (Youth Court) Act 2016

30.6.2016

Pt 6 (ss 23—25)—1.1.2017 (Gazette 8.12.2016 p4903)

2016

35

Statutes Amendment (Gender Identity and Equity) Act 2016

4.8.2016

Pt 8 (s 33)—8.9.2016 (Gazette 8.9.2016 p3676)

2017

6

Statutes Amendment (Surrogacy Eligibility) Act 2017

15.3.2017

Pt 4 (ss 9—13)—21.3.2017 (Gazette 21.3.2017 p926)

2017

13

Statutes Amendment (Registered Relationships) Act 2017

26.4.2017

Pt 2 (ss 4—6)—1.8.2017 (Gazette 1.8.2017 p3039)

2019

31

Surrogacy Act 2019

7.11.2019

Sch 1 (cll 8 to 11)—uncommenced

2019

46

Statutes Amendment (Legalisation of Same Sex Marriage Consequential Amendments) Act 2019

19.12.2019

Pt 7 (ss 15 to 19)—uncommenced

Provisions amended since 3 February 1976

New entries appear in bold.

Entries that relate to provisions that have been deleted appear in italics.

Provision

How varied

Commencement

Pt 1



s 2

omitted under Legislation Revision and Publication Act 2002


s 3

amended by 102/1984 s 3

14.2.1985


deleted by 2/1988 s 3

7.4.1988

s 5



s 5(1)

s 5 redesignated as s 5(1) by 22/2011 s 4(3)

15.12.2011

child born outside marriage

substituted by 102/1984 s 4(a)

14.2.1985

co-parent

inserted by 22/2011 s 4(1)

15.12.2011

the Court

deleted by 43/2006 s 4

1.6.2007

Court

inserted by 43/2006 s 4

1.6.2007

domestic partner

inserted by 22/2011 s 4(2)

15.12.2011

father

inserted by 102/1984 s 4(b)

14.2.1985

s 5(2)

inserted by 22/2011 s 4(3)

15.12.2011

Pt 2



s 7

amended by 22/2011 s 5(1), (2)

15.12.2011

s 8



s 8(1)

s 8 amended by 102/1984 s 5

14.2.1985


s 8 amended and redesignated as s 8(1) by 22/2011 s 6(1), (2)

15.12.2011

s 8(2)

inserted by 22/2011 s 6(2)

15.12.2011

s 9



s 9(1)

amended by 22/2011 s 7(1)—(6)

15.12.2011

s 9(4)

amended by 22/2011 s 7(7)

15.12.2011

s 10

amended by 64/2009 s 4

26.11.2010


amended by 22/2011 s 8

15.12.2011

Pt 2A

inserted by 102/1984 s 6

14.2.1985

heading

amended by 43/2009 Sch 1 cl 1

1.9.2010

s 10A



s 10A(1)



fertilisation procedure

substituted by 2/1988 s 4

7.4.1988


substituted by 43/2009 Sch 1 cl 2

1.9.2010

qualifying relationship

inserted by 22/2011 s 9(1)

15.12.2011


amended by 35/2016 s 33

8.9.2016


substituted by 6/2017 s 9

21.3.2017

s 10A(3)

inserted by 22/2011 s 9(2)

15.12.2011

s 10B



s 10B(1)

substituted by 43/2009 Sch 1 cl 3

1.9.2010

s 10B(2)

amended by 66/1986 s 2

13.11.1986


deleted by 2/1988 s 5

7.4.1988

s 10B(4)

inserted by 64/2009 s 5

26.11.2010


deleted by 22/2011 s 10

15.12.2011

s 10C

substituted by 22/2011 s 11

15.12.2011

s 10C(3a)

inserted by 30/2016 s 4

23.9.2016


amended by 6/2017 s 10

21.3.2017

s 10D before deletion by 22/2011



s 10D(3)

inserted by 43/2009 Sch 1 cl 4

1.9.2010

ss 10D and 10E

deleted by 22/2011 s 11

15.12.2011

s 10EA

inserted by 43/2009 Sch 1 cl 5

1.9.2010

s 10EA(1)

amended by 22/2011 s 12(1), (2)

15.12.2011

s 10EA(6)

amended by 22/2011 s 12(3)

15.12.2011

s 10EA(8)



Court

amended by 32/2016 s 23

1.1.2017

Pt 2B

inserted by 2/1988 s 6

7.4.1988

Pt 2B Div 1



heading

inserted by 64/2009 s 6

26.11.2010

s 10F



commissioning parents

inserted by 15/2015 s 3(1)

16.7.2015

prescribed international surrogacy agreement

inserted by 15/2015 s 3(1)

16.7.2015

procuration contract

deleted by 15/2015 s 3(2)

16.7.2015

recognised surrogacy agreement

inserted by 64/2009 s 7

26.11.2010


substituted by 15/2015 s 3(3)

16.7.2015

registered relationship

inserted by 6/2017 s 11

21.3.2017

State Framework for Altruistic Surrogacy or Framework

inserted by 15/2015 s 3(4)

16.7.2015

surrogacy contract

amended by 15/2015 s 3(5)

16.7.2015

surrogate mother

inserted by 15/2015 s 3(6)

16.7.2015

Pt 2B Div 1A

inserted by 15/2015 s 4

16.7.2015

Pt 2B Div 2



heading

inserted by 64/2009 s 8

26.11.2010

s 10G



s 10G(2) and (3)

deleted by 15/2015 s 5

16.7.2015

s 10G(4)

inserted by 64/2009 s 9

26.11.2010


deleted by 15/2015 s 5

16.7.2015

s 10H

substituted by 15/2015 s 6

16.7.2015

Pt 2B Div 3

inserted by 64/2009 s 10

26.11.2010

s 10HA



s 10HA(1)



prescribed relative

deleted by 15/2015 s 7(1)

16.7.2015

s 10HA(2)

amended by 22/2012 s 3

7.6.2012


amended by 15/2015 s 7(2)—(7)

16.7.2015


substituted by 6/2017 s 12(1)

21.3.2017

s 10HA(2a)

inserted by 6/2017 s 12(1)

21.3.2017

s 10HA(3)

amended by 15/2015 s 7(8), (9)

16.7.2015


amended by 6/2017 s 12(2), (3)

21.3.2017

s 10HA(4)

deleted by 15/2015 s 7(10)

16.7.2015

s 10HA(5)

amended by 6/2017 s 12(4)

21.3.2017

s 10HA(6)

amended by 6/2017 s 12(5), (6)

21.3.2017

s 10HAB

inserted by 15/2015 s 8

16.7.2015

s 10HB



s 10HB(1)



commissioning parents

deleted by 15/2015 s 9(1)

16.7.2015

Court

amended by 32/2016 s 24

1.1.2017

s 10HB(2)

(c) deleted by 15/2015 s 9(2)

16.7.2015

s 10HB(9)

amended by 15/2015 s 9(3)

16.7.2015


amended by 6/2017 s 13

21.3.2017

s 10HG(1)



Court

amended by 32/2016 s 25

1.1.2017

Pt 2B Div 4



heading

inserted by 64/2009 s 11

26.11.2010

Pt 3 before substitution by 43/2006



s 11



s 11(1)

amended by 102/1984 s 7

14.2.1985

Pt 3

substituted by 43/2006 s 5

1.6.2007

s 11



close personal relationship

amended by 13/2017 s 4(1)

1.8.2017

registered relationship

inserted by 13/2017 s 4(2)

1.8.2017

s 11A

substituted by 13/2017 s 5

1.8.2017

s 11B



s 11B(1)

amended by 13/2017 s 6(1), (2)

1.8.2017

s 11B(2a)

inserted by 13/2017 s 6(3)

1.8.2017

s 11B(3)

amended by 27/2011 s 5

21.7.2011

Pt 4



s 13

substituted by 43/2006 s 6

1.6.2007

s 13(4)

amended by 64/2009 s 12(1)—(3)

26.11.2010

s 14



s 14(1)

amended by 64/2009 s 13(1)

26.11.2010

s 14(2)

amended by 64/2009 s 13(2)

26.11.2010

s 15

inserted by 64/2009 s 14

26.11.2010

Transitional etc provisions associated with Act or amendments

Statutes Amendment (Domestic Partners) Act 2006

7—Transitional provision

If, before the commencement of this section, a declaration has been made under Part 3 of the Family Relationships Act 1975 that a person was, on a certain date, the putative spouse of another, the declaration will, if the case requires, be taken to be that the person was, on that date, the domestic partner of the other.

Statutes Amendment (Surrogacy) Act 2009, Sch 1—Transitional provisions (as amended by Statutes Amendment (Surrogacy) Amendment Act 2010, s 4)

1—Existing agreements

(1) In this clause—

Court means the Youth Court of South Australia constituted of a Judge;

surrogacy contract means a surrogacy contract as defined by section 10F of the Family Relationships Act 1975.

(2) Subject to this clause, if the Court, on application under this clause, is satisfied that in the circumstances of the particular case it would be an appropriate course of action for the Court to exercise the powers conferred by this clause, the Court may determine that a surrogacy contract entered into before the commencement of this clause should have effect as a recognised surrogacy agreement under section 10HA of the Family Relationships Act 1975 (as enacted by this Act), despite the operation of Part 2B of that Act.

(3) An application under this clause—

(a) must be made by all parties to the surrogacy contract; and

(b) must be made within 15 months after the commencement of this clause.

(4) An application cannot be made under this clause if a child has been born as a result of the relevant pregnancy and the child is more than 10 years old on the day on which the Statutes Amendment (Surrogacy) Amendment Act 2010 comes into operation.

(5) An application may be made under this clause, and the Court may make an order under this clause, despite the operation of sections 10G and 10H of the Family Relationships Act 1975.

(6) The Attorney-General may intervene in any proceedings under this clause to make representations or tender evidence (or both).

(7) If the Court makes an order under this clause—

(a) the surrogacy contract will be taken to be a recognised surrogacy agreement validly entered into under section 10HA of the Family Relationships Act 1975; and

(b) a child within the contemplation or operation of the agreement will be taken to be a child born under the terms of a recognised surrogacy agreement; and

(c) the person or persons to whom custody or rights were to be surrendered under the surrogacy contract will be taken to be a commissioning parent or commissioning parents under a recognised surrogacy agreement; and

(d) the Court may consider and deal with an application under section 10HB of the Family Relationships Act 1975 (as enacted by this Act) as if it applied to the surrogacy contract (and to the parties to the surrogacy contract) and, if relevant, as if subsections (2)(c) and (5) of that section did not apply; and

(e) the Court may make any other related order as it thinks fit.

Family Relationships (Parentage) Amendment Act 2011, Sch 1—Transitional provision

1—Immunity

Despite a provision of the Births, Deaths and Marriages Registration Act 1996, no liability attaches to a person for a failure to provide to the Registrar particulars of the person who is the father or co-parent of a child in the case where—

(a) the child was born before the commencement of this clause; and

(b) the person is only taken to be father or co-parent of the child by virtue of Part 2A of the Family Relationships Act 1975 (as amended by this Act).

Historical versions

Reprint No 1—1.7.1991


1.6.2007


1.9.2010


26.11.2010


21.7.2011


15.12.2011


7.6.2012


16.7.2015


8.9.2016


23.9.2016


1.1.2017


21.3.2017




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