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FAIR WORK (COMMONWEALTH POWERS) ACT 2009 (NO 57 OF 2009) - SCHEDULE 1

Schedule 1—Text to be included in the provisions of the Commonwealth Fair Work Act

Division 2B         —Application of this Act in States that refer matters after 1 July 2009 but on or before 1 January 2010

        30K         Meaning of terms used in this Division

        (1)         In this Division:

amendment reference of a State means the reference by the Parliament of the State to the Parliament of the Commonwealth of the matters covered by subsection 30L(4).

excluded subject matter means any of the following matters:

            (a)         a matter dealt with in a law referred to in subsection 27(1A) of this Act;

            (b)         superannuation;

            (c)         workers compensation;

            (d)         occupational health and safety;

            (e)         matters relating to outworkers (within the ordinary meaning of the term);

            (f)         child labour;

            (g)         training arrangements;

            (h)         long service leave;

                  (i)         leave for victims of crime;

            (j)         attendance for service on a jury, or for emergency service duties;

            (k)         declaration, prescription or substitution of public holidays;

            (l)         the following matters relating to provision of essential services or to situations of emergency:

                  (i)         directions to perform work (including to perform work at a particular time or place, or in a particular way);

                  (ii)         directions not to perform work (including not to perform work at a particular time or place, or in a particular way);

            (m)         regulation of any of the following:

                  (i)         employee associations;

                  (ii)         employer associations;

                  (iii)         members of employee associations or of employer associations;

            (n)         workplace surveillance;

            (o)         business trading hours;

            (p)         claims for enforcement of contracts of employment, except so far as a law of a State provides for the variation or setting aside of rights and obligations arising under a contract of employment, or another arrangement for employment, that a court or tribunal finds is unfair;

            (q)         rights or remedies incidental to a matter referred to in a preceding paragraph of this definition;

except to the extent that this Act as originally enacted deals with the matter (directly or indirectly), or requires or permits instruments made or given effect under this Act so to deal with the matter.

express amendment means the direct amendment of the text of this Act (whether by the insertion, omission, repeal, substitution or relocation of words or matter), but does not include the enactment by a Commonwealth Act of a provision that has, or will have, substantive effect otherwise than as part of the text of this Act.

fundamental workplace relations principles : see subsection 30L(9).

initial reference of a State means the reference by the Parliament of the State to the Parliament of the Commonwealth of the matters covered by subsection 30L(3).

law enforcement officer means:

            (a)         a member of a police force or police service; or

            (b)         a person appointed to a position for the purpose of being trained as a member of a police force or police service; or

            (c)         a person who has the powers and duties of a member of a police force or police service;

and, without limiting paragraphs (a), (b) and (c), includes a police reservist, a police recruit, a police cadet, a junior constable, a police medical officer, a special constable, an ancillary constable or a protective services officer.

local government employee , of a State, means:

            (a)         an employee of a local government employer of the State; or

            (b)         any other employee in the State of a kind specified in the regulations.

local government employer , of a State, means an employer that is:

            (a)         a body corporate that is established for a local government purpose by or under a law of a State; or

            (b)         a body corporate in which a body to which paragraph (a) applies has, or 2 or more such bodies together have, a controlling interest; or

            (c)         a person who employs individuals for the purposes of an unincorporated body that is established for a local government purpose by or under a law of a State; or

            (d)         any other body corporate that is a local government body in the State of a kind specified in the regulations; or

            (e)         any other person who employs individuals for the purposes of an unincorporated body that is a local government body in the State of a kind specified in the regulations.

referral law , of a State, means the law of the State that refers matters, as mentioned in subsection 30L(1), to the Parliament of the Commonwealth.

referred provisions means the provisions of this Division to the extent to which they deal with matters that are included in the legislative powers of the Parliaments of the States.

referred subject matters means any of the following:

            (a)         terms and conditions of employment, including any of the following:

                  (i)         minimum terms and conditions of employment, (including employment standards and minimum wages);

                  (ii)         terms and conditions of employment contained in instruments (including instruments such as awards, determinations and enterprise-level agreements);

                  (iii)         bargaining in relation to terms and conditions of employment;

                  (iv)         the effect of a transfer of business on terms and conditions of employment;

            (b)         terms and conditions under which an outworker entity may arrange for work to be performed for the entity (directly or indirectly), if the work is of a kind that is often performed by outworkers;

            (c)         rights and responsibilities of persons, including employees, employers, independent contractors, outworkers, outworker entities, associations of employees or associations of employers, being rights and responsibilities relating to any of the following:

                  (i)         freedom of association in the context of workplace relations, and related protections;

                  (ii)         protection from discrimination relating to employment;

                  (iii)         termination of employment;

                  (iv)         industrial action;

                  (v)         protection from payment of fees for services related to bargaining;

                  (vi)         sham independent contractor arrangements;

                  (vii)         standing down employees without pay;

                  (viii)         union rights of entry and rights of access to records;

            (d)         compliance with, and enforcement of, this Act;

            (e)         the administration of this Act;

            (f)         the application of this Act;

            (g)         matters incidental or ancillary to the operation of this Act or of instruments made or given effect under this Act;

but does not include any excluded subject matter.

referring State : see section 30L.

State public sector employee , of a State, means:

            (a)         an employee of a State public sector employer of the State; or

            (b)         any other employee in the State of a kind specified in the regulations;

and includes a law enforcement officer of the State.

State public sector employer , of a State, means an employer that is:

            (a)         the State, the Governor of the State or a Minister of the State; or

            (b)         a body corporate that is established for a public purpose by or under a law of the State, by the Governor of the State or by a Minister of the State; or

            (c)         a body corporate in which the State has a controlling interest; or

            (d)         a person who employs individuals for the purposes of an unincorporated body that is established for a public purpose by or under a law of the State, by the Governor of the State or by a Minister of the State; or

            (e)         any other employer in the State of a kind specified in the regulations;

and includes a holder of an office of the State whom the State’s referral law provides is to be taken, for the purposes of this Act, to be an employer of law enforcement officers of the State.

transition reference of a State means the reference by the Parliament of the State to the Parliament of the Commonwealth of the matters covered by subsection 30L(5).

        (2)         Words or phrases in the definition of excluded subject matter in subsection (1), or in the definition of referred subject matters in subsection (1), that are defined in this Act (other than in this Division) have, in that definition, the meanings set out in this Act as in force on 1 July 2009.

        30L         Meaning of referring State

Reference of matters by State Parliament to Commonwealth Parliament

        (1)         A State is a referring State if the Parliament of the State has, after 1 July 2009 but on or before 1 January 2010, referred the matters covered by subsections (3), (4) and (5) in relation to the State to the Parliament of the Commonwealth for the purposes of paragraph 51(xxxvii) of the Constitution:

            (a)         if and to the extent that the matters are not otherwise included in the legislative powers of the Parliament of the Commonwealth (otherwise than by a reference under paragraph 51(xxxvii) of the Constitution); and

            (b)         if and to the extent that the matters are included in the legislative powers of the Parliament of the State.

This subsection has effect subject to subsection (6).

        (2)         A State is a referring State even if:

            (a)         the State’s referral law provides that the reference to the Parliament of the Commonwealth of any or all of the matters covered by subsections (3), (4) and (5) is to terminate in particular circumstances; or

            (b)         the State’s referral law provides that particular matters, or all matters, relating to State public sector employees, or State public sector employers, of the State are not included in any or all of the matters covered by subsections (3), (4) and (5); or

            (c)         the State’s referral law provides that particular matters, or all matters, relating to local government employees, or local government employers, of the State are not included in any or all of the matters covered by subsections (3), (4) and (5).

Reference covering referred provisions

        (3)         This subsection covers the matters to which the referred provisions relate to the extent of making laws with respect to those matters by amending this Act, as originally enacted, and as subsequently amended by amendments enacted at any time before the State’s referral law commenced, to include the referred provisions.

Reference covering amendments

        (4)         This subsection covers the referred subject matters to the extent of making laws with respect to those matters by making express amendments of this Act.

Reference covering transitional matters

        (5)         This subsection covers making laws with respect to the transition from the regime provided for by:

            (a)         the Workplace Relations Act 1996 (as it continues to apply because of the Fair Work (Transitional Provisions and Consequential Amendments) Act 2009 ); or

            (b)         a law of a State relating to workplace relations or industrial relations;

to the regime provided for by this Act.

Effect of termination of reference

        (6)         Despite anything to the contrary in a referral law of a State, a State ceases to be a referring State if any or all of the following occurs:

            (a)         the State’s initial reference terminates;

            (b)         the State’s amendment reference terminates, and neither of subsections (7) and (8) apply to the termination;

            (c)         the State’s transition reference terminates.

        (7)         A State does not cease to be a referring State because of the termination of its amendment reference if:

            (a)         the termination is effected by the Governor of that State fixing a day by proclamation as the day on which the reference terminates; and

            (b)         the day fixed is no earlier than the first day after the end of the period of 6 months beginning on the day on which the proclamation is published; and

            (c)         that State’s amendment reference, and the amendment reference of every other referring State (other than a referring State that has terminated its amendment reference in the circumstances referred to in subsection (8)), terminate on the same day.

        (8)         A State does not cease to be a referring State because of the termination of its amendment reference if:

            (a)         the termination is effected by the Governor of that State fixing a day by proclamation as the day on which the reference terminates; and

            (b)         the day fixed is no earlier than the first day after the end of the period of 3 months beginning on the day on which the proclamation is published; and

            (c)         the Governor of that State, as part of the proclamation by which the termination is to be effected, declares that, in the opinion of the Governor, this Act:

                  (i)         is proposed to be amended (by an amendment introduced into the Parliament by a Minister); or

                  (ii)         has been amended;

in a manner that is inconsistent with one or more of the fundamental workplace relations principles.

        (9)         The following are the fundamental workplace relations principles :

            (a)         that this Act should provide for, and continue to provide for, the following:

                  (i)         a strong, simple and enforceable safety net of minimum employment standards;

                  (ii)         genuine rights and responsibilities to ensure fairness, choice and representation at work, including the freedom to choose whether or not to join and be represented by a union or participate in collective activities;

                  (iii)         collective bargaining at the enterprise level with no provision for individual statutory agreements;

                  (iv)         fair and effective remedies available through an independent umpire;

                  (v)         protection from unfair dismissal;

            (b)         that there should be, and continue to be, in connection with the operation of this Act, the following:

                  (i)         an independent tribunal system;

                  (ii)         an independent authority able to assist employers and employees within a national workplace relations system.

        30M         Extended meaning of national system employee

        (1)         A national system employee includes:

            (a)         any individual in a State that is a referring State because of this Division so far as he or she is employed, or usually employed, as described in paragraph 30N(1)(a), except on a vocational placement; and

            (b)         a law enforcement officer of the State to whom subsection 30P(1) applies.

        (2)         This section does not limit the operation of section 13 (which defines a national system employee).

Note—

Section 30S may limit the extent to which this section extends the meaning of national system employee .

        30N         Extended meaning of national system employer

        (1)         A national system employer includes:

            (a)         any person in a State that is a referring State because of this Division so far as the person employs, or usually employs, an individual; and

            (b)         a holder of an office to whom subsection 30P(2) applies.

        (2)         This section does not limit the operation of section 14 (which defines a national system employer).

Note—

Section 30S may limit the extent to which this section extends the meaning of national system employer .

        30P         Extended ordinary meanings of employee and employer

        (1)         A reference in this Act to an employee with its ordinary meaning includes a reference to a law enforcement officer of a referring State if the State’s referral law so provides for the purposes of that law.

        (2)         A reference in this Act to an employer with its ordinary meaning includes a reference to a holder of an office of a State if the State’s referral law provides, for the purposes of that law, that the holder of the office is taken to be the employer of a law enforcement officer of the State.

        (3)         This section does not limit the operation of section 15 (which deals with references to employee and employer with their ordinary meanings).

Note—

Section 30S may limit the extent to which this section extends the meanings of employee and employer .

        30Q         Extended meaning of outworker entity

        (1)         An outworker entity includes a person, other than in the person’s capacity as a national system employer, so far as:

            (a)         the person arranges for work to be performed for the person (either directly or indirectly); and

            (b)         the work is of a kind that is often performed by outworkers; and

            (c)         one or more of the following applies:

                  (i)         at the time the arrangement is made, one or more parties to the arrangement is in a State that is a referring State because of this Division;

                  (ii)         the work is to be performed in a State that is a referring State because of this Division;

                  (iii)         the person referred to in paragraph (a) carries on an activity (whether of a commercial, governmental or other nature) in a State that is a referring State because of this Division, and the work is reasonably likely to be performed in that State;

                  (iv)         the person referred to in paragraph (a) carries on an activity (whether of a commercial, governmental or other nature) in a State that is a referring State because of this Division, and the work is to be performed in connection with that activity.

        (2)         This section does not limit the operation of the definition of outworker entity in section 12.

Note—

Section 30S may limit the extent to which this section extends the meaning of outworker entity .

        30R         General protections

        (1)         Part 3-1 (which deals with general protections) applies to action taken in a State that is a referring State because of this Division.

        (2)         This section applies despite section 337 (which limits the application of Part 3-1), and does not limit the operation of sections 338 and 339 (which set out the application of that Part).

Note—

Section 30S may limit the extent to which this section extends the application of Part 3-1.

        30S         Division only has effect if supported by reference

A provision of this Division has effect in relation to a State that is a referring State because of this Division only to the extent that the State’s referral law refers to the Parliament of the Commonwealth the matters mentioned in subsection 30L(1) that result in the Parliament of the Commonwealth having sufficient legislative power for the provision so to have effect.



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