(1) A person charged with a criminal offence has the right to be presumed innocent until proved guilty according to law.
(2) A person charged with a criminal offence is entitled without discrimination to the following minimum guarantees—
(a) to be informed promptly and in detail of the nature and reason for the charge in a language or, if necessary, a type of communication that he or she speaks or understands; and
(b) to have adequate time and facilities to prepare his or her defence and to communicate with a lawyer or advisor chosen by him or her; and
(c) to be tried without unreasonable delay; and
(d) to be tried in person, and to defend himself or herself personally or through legal assistance chosen by him or her or, if eligible, through legal aid provided by Victoria Legal Aid under the Legal Aid Act 1978 ; and
(e) to be told, if he or she does not have legal assistance, about the right, if eligible, to legal aid under the Legal Aid Act 1978 ; and
(f) to have legal aid provided if
the interests of justice require it, without any costs payable by him or her
if he or she meets the eligibility criteria set out in the
Legal Aid Act 1978 ; and
(g) to examine, or have examined, witnesses against him or her, unless otherwise provided for by law; and
(h) to obtain the attendance and examination of witnesses on his or her behalf under the same conditions as witnesses for the prosecution; and
(i) to have the free assistance of an interpreter if he or she cannot understand or speak English; and
(j) to have the free assistance of assistants and specialised communication tools and technology if he or she has communication or speech difficulties that require such assistance; and
(k) not to be compelled to testify against himself or herself or to confess guilt.
(3) A child charged with a criminal offence has the right to a procedure that takes account of his or her age and the desirability of promoting the child's rehabilitation.
(4) Any person convicted of a criminal offence has the right to have the conviction and any sentence imposed in respect of it reviewed by a higher court in accordance with law.