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SENTENCING ACT 1991 - SECT 18

Time held in custody before trial etc. to be deducted from sentence[11]

S. 18(1) amended by Nos 48/1997 s. 11(1), 69/1997 s. 6(1)(a)(b), 10/1999 s. 18(1), substituted by No. 82/2006 s. 3(1), amended by No. 26/2012 ss 28, 431(1), substituted by No. 32/2013 s. 10(1).

    (1)     If an offender is in respect of an offence sentenced to a term of imprisonment or to a period of detention in an approved mental health service under a hospital security order, any period during which he or she was held in custody in relation to—

        (a)     proceedings for the offence; or

        (b)     proceedings arising from those proceedings including any period pending the determination of an appeal—

must be reckoned as a period of imprisonment or detention already served under the sentence unless the sentencing court or the court fixing a non-parole period in respect of the sentence otherwise orders.

S. 18(1A) inserted by No. 10/1999 s. 18(2), repealed by No. 1/2000 s. 8(a), new s. 18(1A) inserted by No. 53/2003 s. 4(1), repealed by No. 30/2010 s. 7(a).

    *     *     *     *     *

S. 18(1B) inserted by No. 10/1999 s. 18(2), repealed by No. 1/2000 s. 8(a).

    *     *     *     *     *

S. 18(2) amended by Nos 53/2003 s. 4(2), 30/2010 s. 7(b).

    (2)     Subsection (1) does not apply—

        (a)     to a period of custody of less than one day; or

S. 18(2)(b) amended by Nos 69/1997 s. 6(2)(a), 26/2014 s. 431(2).

        (b)     to a sentence of imprisonment or period of detention in a designated mental health service of less than one day; or

S. 18(2)(ba) inserted by No. 48/1997 s. 11(2)(a), repealed by No. 65/2011 s. 9.

    *     *     *     *     *

S. 18(2)(bb) inserted by No. 30/2010 s. 7(c), repealed by No. 48/2011 s. 15.

    *     *     *     *     *

S. 18(2)(c) amended by No. 48/1997 s. 11(2)(b), repealed by No. 32/2013 s. 10(2).

    *     *     *     *     *

S. 18(2)(ca) inserted by No. 10/1999 s. 18(3), repealed by No. 1/2000 s. 8(b).

    *     *     *     *     *

S. 18(2)(d) inserted by No. 48/1997 s. 11(2)(b), amended by Nos 69/1997 s. 6(2)(b), 82/2006 s. 3(2), 26/2014 s. 431(3).

        (d)     to a period of custody previously declared under this section or section 35 as reckoned to be a period of imprisonment or detention already served under another sentence of imprisonment or detention or Court Secure Treatment Order imposed on the offender.

S. 18(3) amended by Nos 53/2003 s. 4(3), 30/2010 s. 7(b).

    (3)     If an offender was held in custody in circumstances to which subsection (1) applies, then—

        (a)     the informant or person who arrested the offender must, if present before the court, inform it, whether from his or her own knowledge or from inquiries made by him or her, of the length of the period of custody; or

        (b)     if that person is not present before the court, it may take and receive other evidence (whether oral or written and whether on oath or otherwise) of the length of the period of custody.

S. 18(4) amended by No. 48/1997 s. 11(3).

    (4)     If an offender was held in custody in circumstances to which subsection (1) applies, then the court must declare the period to be reckoned as already served under the sentence and cause to be noted in the records of the court the fact that the declaration was made and its details.

S. 18(4A) inserted by No. 53/2003 s. 4(4), repealed by No. 30/2010 s. 7(a).

    *     *     *     *     *

S. 18(5) amended by No. 69/1997 s. 6(3).

    (5)     The person with custody of the record referred to in subsection (4) must indorse on the warrant or other authority for the imprisonment or detention of the offender particulars of the matters referred to in that subsection.

S. 18(5A) inserted by No. 53/2003 s. 4(5), repealed by No. 30/2010 s. 7(a).

    *     *     *     *     *

    (6)     If a person charged with a series of offences committed on different occasions has been in custody continuously since arrest, the period of custody for the purposes of subsection (1) must be reckoned from the time of his or her arrest even if he or she is not convicted of the offence with respect to which he or she was first arrested or of other offences in the series.

S. 18(7) amended by Nos 53/2003 s. 4(6), 30/2010 s. 7(d).

    (7)     If on an application under this subsection the sentencing court is satisfied that the period declared under subsection (4) was not correct it may declare the correct period and amend the sentence accordingly.

    (8)     An application under subsection (7) may be made by—

        (a)     the offender; or

        (b)     the Director of Public Prosecutions, if the sentencing court was the Supreme Court or the County Court; or

        (c)     the informant or police prosecutor, if the sentencing court was the Magistrates' Court.

Pt 3 Div. 2 Subdiv. (1A) (Heading and ss 18A–18Q) inserted by No. 41/1993 s. 9.

Subdivision (1A)—Indefinite sentences

S. 18A inserted by No. 41/1993 s. 9.



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