Northern Territory Consolidated Regulations

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AUSTRALIAN VEHICLE STANDARDS RULES - REG 176

Interpretation of certain second edition ADRs

The words ‘left' and ‘right' in the following second edition ADRs have the opposite meaning in the application of the ADRs, in accordance with the Vehicle Standards, to a motor vehicle with a left-hand drive:

              •     ADR 8 Safety Glass

              •     ADR 12 Glare Reduction in Field of View

              •     ADR 14 Rear Vision Mirrors

              •     ADR 16 Windscreen Wipers and Washers

              •     ADRs 18 and 18A Location and Visibility of Instruments

              •     ADRs 35 and 35A Commercial Vehicle Braking Systems.

Note The following table contains a list of some terms used in the third edition ADRs and the corresponding term used in the Vehicle Standards.

Third edition ADRs

Vehicle Standards

dipped-beam headlamp

low-beam (for a headlight)

front fog lamp

front fog light

rear fog lamp

rear fog light

wheelguard

mudguard

main-beam headlamp

high-beam (for a headlight)

reversing lamp

reversing light

direction indicator lamp

direction indicator light

stop lamp

brake light

rear registration plate lamp

number plate light

front position (side) lamp

parking light

rear position (side) lamp

tail light

end-outline marker lamp

front or rear clearance light

external cabin lamp

external cabin light

internal lamp

interior light

side marker lamp

side marker light

daytime running lamp

daytime running light

rear reflex reflector, non-triangular

rear reflector

front reflex reflector, non-triangular

front reflector

side reflex reflector, non-triangular

side reflector

Dictionary

50 millimetre kingpin means a kingpin meeting the dimension requirements for a 50 millimetre kingpin in Australian Standard AS 2175-1990 Articulated Vehicles Kingpins .

75 millimetre kingpin means a kingpin with the dimensions mentioned in rule 165 (3).

90 millimetre kingpin means a kingpin meeting the dimension requirements for a 90 millimetre kingpin in Australian Standard AS 2175-1990 Articulated Vehicles Kingpins .

adopted standard see rule 24.

"ADR" see rule 14.

"air brake" means an air-operated or air-assisted brake.

"articulated bus" means a bus with at least 2 rigid sections that allow passengers access between the sections and are connected to allow rotary movement between the sections.

"Australian Standard" means a standard approved for publication on behalf of the Council of the Standards Association of Australia.

Note Copies of Australian Standards are available from offices of the Standards Association of Australia.

"axle" means 1 or more shafts, positioned in a line across a vehicle, on which 1 or more wheels intended to support the vehicle turn.

axle group means a single, tandem, twinsteer, tri, or quad axle group.

Australian Design Rule see section 5(1) of the Motor Vehicles Act 1949 .

"B-double" means a combination consisting of a prime mover towing 2 semi-trailers.

1202417.jpg>

B-double

"braking system", of a vehicle, means all the brakes of the vehicle and all the components of the mechanisms by which they are operated.

"British Standard" means a standard approved for publication on behalf of the British Standards Institution.

Note Copies of British Standards are available from offices of the Standards Association of Australia.

"British Standards Institution" means the institution of that name established under royal charter in the United Kingdom.

"bus" means a motor vehicle built mainly to carry people that seats over 9 adults (including the driver).

"car" means a motor vehicle built mainly to carry people that:

    (a)     seats not over 9 adults (including the driver); and

    (b)     has a body commonly known as a sedan, station wagon, coupe, convertible, or roadster; and

    (c)     has 4 or more wheels.

"centre line", of an axle group, means:

    (a)     if the group consists of 2 axles, one of which is fitted with twice the number of tyres as the other axle — a line located one-third of the way from the centre line of the axle with more tyres towards the centre line of the axle with fewer tyres; and

    (b)     in any other case — a line located midway between the centre lines of the outermost axles of the group.


1202418.jpg


Centre line of a tandem axle group fitted with an equal number of tyres on each axle

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Centre line of a tandem axle group fitted with a different number of tyres on each axle



1202403.doc



Centre line of a tri axle group

1202421.jpg

Centre line of a quad axle group

combination means a group of vehicles consisting of a motor vehicle connected to 1 or more vehicles.

"controlled access bus" means a bus, except an articulated bus, over 12.5 metres long.

"converter dolly" means a trailer with 1 axle group or single axle, and a fifth wheel coupling, designed to convert a semi-trailer into a dog trailer.

1202404.doc

Converter dolly

"daylight" means the period in a day from sunrise to sunset.

"dog trailer" means a trailer (including a trailer consisting of a semi-trailer and converter dolly) with:

    (a)     1 axle group or single axle at the front that is steered by connection to the towing vehicle by a drawbar; and

    (b)     1 axle group or single axle at the rear.

1202405.doc



Dog trailer

"drawbar" means a part of a trailer (except a semi-trailer) connecting the trailer body to a coupling for towing purposes.

"drive" includes be in control of.

"driver", of a vehicle, means the person driving the vehicle.

"emergency brake" means a brake designed to be used if a service brake fails.

"emergency vehicle" means a vehicle that is an emergency vehicle for the Vehicle Standards under a law of this jurisdiction.

"fifth wheel coupling" means a device, except the upper rotating element and the kingpin (which are parts of a semi-trailer), used with a prime mover, semi-trailer, or converter dolly, to allow quick coupling and uncoupling and to provide for articulation.

"front fog light" means a light used to improve the illumination of the road in case of fog, snowfall, heavy rain or a dust storm.

"GTM" (gross trailer mass) means the mass transmitted to the ground by the axles of a trailer when the trailer is loaded to its GVM and connected to a towing vehicle.

GVM see section 5(1) of the Motor Vehicles Act 1949 .

"high-beam", for a headlight or front fog light fitted to a vehicle, means that the light is built or adjusted so, when the vehicle is standing on level ground, the top of the main beam of light projected is above the low-beam position.

"left", for a vehicle, means to the left of the centre of the vehicle when viewed by a person in the vehicle who is facing to the front of the vehicle.

"low-beam", for a headlight or front fog light fitted to a vehicle, means that the light is built or adjusted so, when the vehicle is standing on level ground, the top of the main beam of light projected is:

    (a)     not higher than the centre of the headlight or fog light, when measured 8 metres in front of the vehicle; and

    (b)     not over 1 metre higher than the level where the motor vehicle is standing, when measured 25 metres in front of the vehicle.

1202424.jpg>

A headlight in the low-beam position

"Ministerial Council" means the Ministerial Council for Road Transport established by the Heavy Vehicles Agreement, a copy of which is set out in Schedule 1 to the National Road Transport Commission Act 1991 of the Commonwealth.

"moped" means a motor bike or trike with an engine cylinder capacity of not over 50 millilitres and a maximum speed of not over 50 kilometres an hour.

"motor bike" means a motor vehicle with 2 wheels, and includes a 2 wheeled motor vehicle with a sidecar attached to it that is supported by a third wheel.

"motor trike" means a motor vehicle with 3 wheels, but does not include a 2 wheeled motor vehicle with a sidecar attached to it that is supported by a third wheel.

"motor vehicle" means a vehicle built to be propelled by a motor that forms part of the vehicle.

"mudguard" means a fitting or device, with or without a mudflap, that is built and fitted to a vehicle in a way that will, as far as practicable, catch or deflect downwards any stone, mud, water, or other substance, thrown up by the rotation of the wheel to which the fitting or device is fitted.

national standard see section 5(1) of the Motor Vehicles Act 1949 .

"point of articulation" means:

    (a)     the axis of a kingpin for a fifth wheel; or

    (b)     the vertical axis of rotation of a fifth wheel coupling; or

    (c)     the vertical axis of rotation of a turntable assembly; or

    (d)     the vertical axis of rotation of the front axle group, or single axle, of a dog trailer; or

    (e)     the coupling pivot point of a semi trailer.

alt="1202425.jpg" border="0" >
Point of articulationfifth wheel coupling on a converter dolly (forming the front axle group of a dog trailer)



1202426.jpg



Point of articulation — fifth wheel on a prime mover


1202427.jpg>

Point of articulation — kingpin for fifth wheel

"pole-type trailer" means a trailer that:

    (a)     is attached to a towing vehicle by a pole, or an attachment fitted to the pole; and

    (b)     is ordinarily used for transporting loads, such as logs, pipes, structural members, or other long objects, that can generally support themselves like beams between supports.

1202428.jpg>
Pole-type trailer

police vehicle means a vehicle driven by a police officer in the course of his or her duty.

"prime mover" means a motor vehicle built to tow a semi-trailer.

"quad axle group" means a group of 4 axles in which the horizontal distance between the centre lines of the outermost axles is over 3.2 metres, but not over 4.9 metres.

"rear fog light" means a light used on a vehicle to make it more easily visible from the rear in dense fog.

"rear overhang", of a vehicle, means the distance between the rear overhang line and the rear of the vehicle.

"rear overhang line", of a vehicle, means:

    (a)     if there is a single axle at the rear of the vehicle — the centre line of the axle; or

    (b)     if there is an axle group at the rear of the vehicle — the centre line of the axle group, decided without regard to the presence of any steerable axle unless all axles in the group are steerable.

1202429.jpg

Rear overhang and rear overhang linevehicle with tri axle group at rear

1202430.jpg

Rear overhang and rear overhang linemotor vehicle


1202431.jpg

Rear overhang and rear overhang linesemi-trailer

"repeater horn" means a device that makes a sound alternating between different tones or frequencies on a regular time cycle.

"right", for a vehicle, means to the right of the centre of the vehicle when viewed by a person in the vehicle who is facing to the front of the vehicle.

road see rule 8.

road-related area see rule 9.

"road tank vehicle" has the same meaning as in the sixth edition of the Australian Code for the Transport of Dangerous Goods by Road and Rail .

"road train" means a combination, except a B-double, consisting of a motor vehicle towing at least 2 trailers (counting as a single trailer a converter dolly supporting a semi-trailer).

1202432.jpg

Road train

second edition ADR see section 5(1) of the Motor Vehicles Act 1949 .

"semi-trailer" means a trailer (including a pole-type trailer) that has:

    (a)     1 axle group or single axle to the rear; and

    (b)     a means of attachment to a prime mover that results in some of the load being imposed on the prime mover.

"service brake", for a vehicle, means the brake normally used to decelerate the vehicle.

"single axle" means an axle not forming part of an axle group.

"single axle group" means a group of at least 2 axles in which the horizontal distance between the centre lines of the outermost axles is under 1 metre.

spring brake means a brake using 1 or more springs to store the energy needed to operate the brake.

"Standards Association of Australia" means the association of that name incorporated in Australia under royal charter.

"tandem axle group" means a group of at least 2 axles in which the horizontal distance between the centre lines of the outermost axles is at least 1 metre, but not over 2 metres.

third edition ADR see section 5(1) of the Motor Vehicles Act 1949 .

"transport enforcement vehicle" means a vehicle that is a transport enforcement vehicle for the Vehicle Standards under a law of this jurisdiction.

trailer means a vehicle that is built to be towed, or is towed, by a motor vehicle, but does not include a motor vehicle that is being towed.

"tri axle group" means a group of at least 3 axles in which the horizontal distance between the centre lines of the outermost axles is over 2 metres, but not over 3.2 metres.

"turntable" means a bearing built to carry vertical and horizontal loads, but does not allow quick separation of its upper and lower rotating elements, and that is used to connect and allow articulation between:

    (a)     a prime mover and semi-trailer; or

    (b)     the steering axle or axle group of a dog trailer and the body of the trailer; or

    (c)     a fifth wheel coupling and the vehicle to which it is mounted.

"twinsteer axle group" means a group of 2 axles:

    (a)     with single tyres; and

    (b)     fitted to a motor vehicle and connected to the same steering mechanism; and

    (c)     the horizontal distance between the centre lines of which is at least 1 metre, but not over 2 metres.

1202406.doc

Twinsteer axle group on a motor vehicle

"vacuum brakes" means vacuum-operated or vacuum-assisted brakes.

"vehicle" includes the equipment fitted to, or forming part of, the vehicle.

"yellow" includes amber.

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